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【书籍搬运】The Old Ways 古道

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原文地址:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:The_Old_Ways

中文翻译:

古道

——博学士塞拉鲁斯

我等通晓古道者皆知晓精魂世界的存在,而此世界凡无知者皆不可见。正如不了解国中政治运作的国人只会将增税与备战视为命运无常,许多人完全无法理解洪水、饥荒与疯狂因何而出现,只能茫然无助视其肆虐。这着实可怜可叹。正如伟大的崔林·达尼詹所言,“愚昧可令玄铁脆如玻璃。”

那么,这些拨动现世之弦的精魂力量究竟源自何方?任何亚蒂姆岛的新生都知道这些精魂就是我等之祖先——当然,这些祖先于其生前同样为他们祖先的精魂迷惑不解,如此便可一直追溯到创世之初人。现今普通人崇拜的迪德拉与众神,也不过是更为高等优秀的男女精魂,而正是他们的力量与激情使得他们在死后世界拥有巨大的影响力。

毋庸置疑,这便是我等之真实,我等之宗教。但这些又是如何协助我等履行“塞利弗恩赛”之职责,亦即是说,向那些次等人提供“严肃且忠诚之建议”的呢?

从根本上讲,要领会“赋予善人强力与使强者为善同等重要”这一精神并不困难。我等完全明了一个强大暴君所带来的多重威胁——同时生成迪德拉勃耶西亚视为养料的残忍,以及迪德拉维耶米拉视为养料的憎恨;若他在行了某种特定恶行之后死去,他便可前去统治湮灭地狱;而最糟糕之处在于,他会刺激其他恶人追求力量,并吸引其它统治者拥抱邪恶。既然如此,我等便惟有在处理如此暴君之时保持耐心。他们应当被削弱,被侮辱,被剥除资产,被投入监狱。其他提议者或许会建议以暗杀或战争解决问题,而此类处理办法,且不论其在精魂层面上毫无意义,实则花费甚巨,且极易带来与暴君所为不相上下的无辜者之痛苦。我等绝不会如此行事——我等乃是智慧之收集者,高贵之外交官,但绝不是革命者。

那么,我等提议者又怎样保持“忠诚”呢?我等只对古道忠诚——在关注于物质世界之时,必须时刻牢记精魂世界的存在。于炉火月的第二日进行摩阿维塔之仪式,以及于次种月的第一日进行维吉尔德之仪式,此乃增强善灵力量且削弱不洁精魂之力的重要方法。那么,我等又是如何同时忠于建言对象与亚蒂姆岛呢?也许贤者塔赫里特解释得最为完美:“于现世,冲突与差异带来变化,而变化在十一力中乃是最为神圣,因变化其力既无重点亦无起源。遵守纪律的塞伊克[即“通晓者”]之职责便是削弱带来贪婪、暴食、怠惰、愚昧、偏见、残酷……[此处仍有塔赫里特列举之111项浪费行径]之变化,并要增强带来卓越、美丽、快乐与启蒙之变化。如是,忠诚建议之对象只有一名:其思想。若塞伊克提供建议之人行事邪恶且带来“奥格里斯”[即“恶性变化”],并且不愿依照建议行事,则塞伊克的职责便成为不计手段[此处我尤为强调]抵消此奥格里斯之影响。”

研习古道的生徒确实可以使自己成为一名领主的属下——但此种关系确有风险。若非状况紧急,此举绝非明智。若领主拒绝了明智建议,又命令塞伊克(使用塔赫里特的过时称谓)从事违背古道教导的事情,塞伊克就只能进退两难。塞伊克可能会极不情愿地遵守命令,最终被他原本献身抵抗之黑暗力量吞噬;而若塞伊克抛弃领主,此举则会使其本人与亚蒂姆岛蒙羞。此人或许会被教团终生流放,更有可能他将羞愧自尽。

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The Old Ways
by Celarus the Loremaster
A guide to the Psijic Order and their beliefs


Note: A similar but not identical book exists in Daggerfall; see The Old Ways (Daggerfall).

We who know the Old Ways are well aware of the existence of a spiritual world invisible to the unenlightened. Just as one living in a kingdom but unaware of the political machinations underneath may see a new tax or battle preparation as the caprices of fortune, many observe floods, famines, and madness with helpless incomprehension. This is deplorable. As the great Cuilean Darnizhaan moaned, "The power of ignorance can shatter ebony like glass."
What, after all, is the origin of these spiritual forces that move the invisible strings ofMundus? Any neophyte of Artaeum knows that these spirits are our ancestors -- and that, while living, they too were bewildered by the spirits of their ancestors, and so on back to the original Acharyai. The Daedra and gods to whom the common people turn are no more than the spirits of superior men and women whose power and passion granted them great influence in the afterworld.
Certainly this is our truth and our religion. But how does it help us in our sacred duty of seliffrnsae, or providing "grave and faithful counsel" to lesser men?
Primarily, it is easy to grasp the necessity both of endowing good men with great power and making powerful men good. We recognize the multiple threats that a strong tyrant represents -- breeds cruelty which feeds the Daedra Boethiah and hatred which feeds the Daedra Vaernima; if he should die having performed a particularly malevolent act, he may go to rule in Oblivion; and worst of all, he inspires other villains to thirst after power and other rulers to embrace villainy. Knowing this, we have developed patience in our dealings with such despots. They should be crippled, humiliated, impoverished, imprisoned. Other counsellors may advocate assassination or warfare -- which, aside from its spiritual insignificance, is expensive and likely to inflict at least as much pain on the innocents as the brutish dictator. No, we are intelligence gatherers, dignified diplomats -- not revolutionaries.
How, then, are our counsellors "faithful"? We are faithful only to the Old Ways -- it is essential always to remember the spiritual world while keeping our eyes open in the physical one. Performing the Rites of Moawita on the 2nd of Hearth Fire and the Vigyld on the 1st of Second Seed are essential means of empowering salutary spirits and debilitating unclean ones. How, then, are we at once faithful to those we counsel and to the Isle of Artaeum? Perhaps the sage Taheritae said it best: "In Mundus, conflict and disparity are what bring change, and change is the most sacred of the Eleven Forces. Change is the force without focus or origin. It is the duty of the disciplined Psijic ["Enlightened One"] to dilute change where it brings greed, gluttony, sloth, ignorance, prejudice, cruelty... [here Taheritae lists the rest of the 111 Prodigalities], and to encourage change where it brings excellence, beauty, happiness, and enlightenment. As such, the faithful counsel has but one master: His mind. If the man the Psijic counsels acts wickedly and brings oegnithr ["bad change"] and will otherwise not be counselled, it is the Psijic's duty to counterbalance the oegnithr by any means necessary [emphasis mine]."
A student of the Old Ways may indeed ally himself to a lord -- but it is a risky relationship. It cannot be stressed enough that the choice be wisely made. Should the lord refuse wise counsel and order the Psijic (to use Taheritae's outmoded word) to perform an act contrary to the teachings of the Old Ways, there are few available options. The Psijic may obey, albeit unwillingly, and fall prey to the dark forces against which he has devoted his life. The Psijic may abandon his lord, which will bring shame on him and the Isle of Artaeum, and so may never be allowed home again. Or the Psijic may simply kill himself.

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