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【书籍搬运】The Black Arts On Trial 黑魔法的决议

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英文名:The Black Arts On Trial

作者:汉尼拔•塔拉文,法师公会的首席法师

翻译:小嚣鬼

原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Oblivion:The_Black_Arts_On_Trial

就法师公会对死灵法师的问题所做出的决议中若干要点进行总结

历史

死灵法师通常也被称为黑法师,他们的历史能够追溯到人类有文字记录出现以前。事实上,大陆上最早的法律已经明文规定禁止修习死灵法术,然而仍然有个别法师继续对死灵法术的学习和研究。

我们法师公会的创立者,来自Artaeum岛的Psijic Order们,亦禁止法师公会的成员使用死灵法术,不仅仅是因为它很危险,而且是他们对那些神圣和邪恶的先祖之灵的信仰让他们认为死灵法术是属于异端的存在。但尽管如此,我们仍是对一些学生或者大师无视这些教条的事情耳熟能详。在Vanus Galerion离开Artaeum时,可能仍旧跟Psijics在很多事情上有意见分歧,但他也明令禁止公会向学员教授死灵法术。 Vanus Galerion的时代已经过去差不多1100年之久,很多首席法师开始领导他们的公会。关于死灵法术的问题持续遭受着质疑。公会里对于死灵法术的责难丝毫没有因时间的冲刷而褪去,但多年以来人们在各个时期对死灵法术及其责难的看法褒贬不一。某些首席法师开始倾向于完全无视这些责难,而有些则主动地对它发起冲击,而另外有一些首席法师则谣传他们自己就是死灵法师。 我作为法师公会新一任的首席法师,制定对这件事的有关法规就是我的责任。尽管对于黑魔法我有自己的一套见解,我还是咨询了帝国里最博学的两名法师,分别是科林斯的法师Voth Karlyss和奥辛尼姆的法师Ulliceta gra-Kogg。我们就此问题争论了两天两夜。 这场辩论定下了了法师公会关于死灵法师这一问题的决议,接下来就是对这场辩论中正反方讨论中若干要点的总结。

辩论内容

大法师gra-Kogg的论点:人们对死灵法术的认识贫乏得可怜,它也不会因我们的无视而销声匿迹。作为献身于魔法与学术研究的知识分子,我们有义务去揭开真相。用我们的知识妄下判断显然有悖于我们追求客观事实的使命。

大法师Karlyss的抗辩:法师公会应该从严谨和伦理上平衡它对知识的需求。并不是对学生的研究课程的检查使他谨慎地并且怀着纯洁的目标继续学习,制定法规和界限也不是为了限制学生的自由——事实上这些都是必不可少的。

大法师Karlyss的论点:死灵法术是遍布这个文明世界每个角落的诅咒。要公开承认和接纳死灵法术,法师公会必然会在广大人民当中激起恐慌与反对。Vanus Galerion希望个研究机构不是像Psijic Order那样只是在象牙塔里闭门造车的优秀分子。如果我们只顾自己的责任而忽视人民的意见,我们法师公会必将丧失在很多地区活动的许可,甚至整个晨风省,因为那里的人们对死灵法术的抵触情绪极度强烈。

大法师gra-Kogg的抗辩:你说得没错,我们是应该敏锐察觉相关群体的意见,但那些人绝不应该对我们的学术研究作出限定。对很多没有受过教育的人来说“死灵法师”这个词的含义仅仅是指那些邪恶的法师。因此,因为人们的偏见和一知半解而限制我们的工作是不理智的。仅仅因为群众的意见而对研究项目置之不理更是对学术研究的蔑视。

大法师gra-Kogg的论点:死灵法师是泰姆瑞尔的灾祸之源。无论是单独施放死灵法术,还是跟蛊王曼尼哈克合作,他们都是大多数恐怖灾祸的始作俑者,他们召唤了活生生的僵尸和骷髅,还有其他的不死生物。要最有效地打击这些威胁,我们就必须了解死灵法师的力量,因此我们不能限制自己对黑魔法的研究。

大法师Karlyss的抗辩:从没有人怀疑过黑魔法的威胁——事实上,那正是我反对法师公会向他的学员传授有关黑魔法的知识的根本原因。我们可以并且应该了解我们的敌人的能为,但我们也必须懂得适可而止,不能让自己深陷其中无法自拔,最后走上死灵法师的道路。学习和研究这些邪恶知识,除了会让我们自己成为恶魔外对任何人都一无是处。

大法师Karlyss的论点:死灵法术固然是危险的,谁也不能深陷其中。连死灵法术中最简单的咒文都需要鲜血来启动,这一点就足以在一瞬间让施法者的灵魂堕落。这不是危言耸听,而是一个明显的事实。让法师公会传授并且鼓励成员研究那一类已经被一次又一次地证明,只会为人类和世界带来痛苦和悲伤的知识是极其不负责任的。

大法师gra-Kogg的抗辩:所有的魔法派系在开始研究之时都被认为是危险的。就像毁灭系里最简单的火球魔法,当由一个初学者来施展时也有可能会酿成灾难,不仅伤害施法者,而且伤害了其他人。神秘系魔法的本质则是强制使受术者的思维脱离理性,暂时陷入某种疯狂状态,这也曾经引起人们的争论,因为它跟使人的灵魂堕落的手法很相似。

大法师gra-Kogg的争论:法师公会早已承认了某些死灵法术。正如我们所知,魔法的派系是人为划分的,最早由Vanus Galerion对所有魔法进行分类,以此来简化对它们的学习与研究。尽管多年以来对魔法派系的划分被多次更改,但每个大法师心里明白,所有魔法都是有内在关联的。当一个召唤系的学生召唤出守护幽灵时,他已经接触了死灵法术。当一个学习附魔的学生施展了灵魂陷阱时,他同样也会被认为犯了修习黑魔法的罪。而神秘系的学生,就像我上面提到的一样,跟死灵法术也有某些关联。声明学生不能学习死灵法术无异于也在限制对公会中的正统派系的魔法的学习。

大法师Karlyss的抗辩:是的,学系之间有着千丝万缕的联系,但每一个派系的正统魔法都是经过时间检验的。我们都知道,一个受到良好教导的神秘系学生是不会总让自己在施法过程中受到伤害的。很多时候这是一个关于极端的问题——我们能够允许自己在研究之道上走多远。要保证死灵法术的破坏力,它所依靠的更多是施法者自身与黑暗更进一步的融合,这一点比他的智慧要重要得多。因此它不能够被引进法师公会。

结论

研究死灵法术的风险远大于它的作用。公会不希望对任何一个人进行监督,但除了为了跟邪恶的敌人作战的目的而在有限的范围内学习,公会也不会宽恕任何学习黑魔法的人。并且只有极个别能够证明他们技巧极度娴熟且足够谨慎的人,才能在我的允许和监督下学习研究黑魔法。

编后记

我很遗憾自己不得不承认传言背后的真相。大法师Ulliceta gra-Kogg不仅仅是死灵法术的拥护者,她自己本身就是一名死灵法师。这个真相被揭露以后,灵光骑士尝试在奥辛尼姆的公会宿舍里逮捕她,不料被她很巧妙地逃脱了。但我们对奥辛尼姆的大法师这个位置的替补人员充满了信心。

尽管我不同意修习死灵法术,我还是比较赞同本书中她的一些论点,它们都是合乎逻辑的。而且我也没有理由删除这些论点。然而,让人失望的是她对于“真相”兴趣不过是为了掩盖自己奴役于黑魔法的说辞。 引用这件不幸的事情仅仅是为了告诫公会成员,提防死灵法术的诱惑和警惕死灵法师在魔法公会中的渗透是多么必要的事情。

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The Black Arts On Trial
by Hannibal Traven, Archmagister of the Mages Guild
A summary of the salient points of the debate which led to the resolution of the Mages Guild on the subject of Necromancy


HISTORY
Necromancy, commonly called the Black Arts, has a history that dates back before recorded time. Virtually all the earliest laws of the land make mention of it as expressly forbidden on pain of death. Independent practitioners of the arts of sorcery, however, continued its study.
The Psijic Order of the Isle of Artaeum, precursor to our own Mages Guild, also forbade its use, not only because it was dangerous, but their belief in the holy and unholy ancestor spirits made it heretical. Again, despite this, we hear many stories of students and masters who ignored this stricture. When Vanus Galerion left Artaeum, he may have disagreed with the Psijics on much, but he also refused to allow Necromancy to be taught in the Guild.
Almost 1100 years have passed since the time of Vanus Galerion, and there have been many archmagisters to lead his guild. The question of Necromancy has continued to be asked. The strictures against it in the Guild have never been lifted, but attitudes about it have shifted back and forth over the years. Some archmagisters have been inclined to ignore it entirely, some have fought very actively against it, and still other archmagisters have been rumored to be Necromancers themselves.
In my new role as Archmagister of the Mages Guild, it is my duty to set policy on this matter. Though I have my own opinions on the Black Arts, I took counsel with two of the most learned mages in the Empire, Magister Voth Karlyss of Corinth and Magister Ulliceta gra-Kogg of Orsinium, and we debated for two days.
What follows are summaries of the salient points of the debate, arguments and counter-arguments, which led to the resolution of the Mages Guild on the subject of Necromancy.

ARGUMENT
Argument by Master gra-Kogg: Necromancy is poorly understood. We will not make it disappear by ignoring it. As an intellectual institution dedicated to the study of the magickal arts and sciences, we have obligations to the truth. Censoring ourselves in our scholarship is antithetical to our mission of neutrality and objectivity.
Counter-Argument by Master Karlyss: The Mages Guild must balance its quest for knowledge with responsible caution and ethical standards. It is not 'censoring' a student's course of study to have him proceed cautiously and with purity of purpose. It is not limiting a student's freedom to set rules and boundaries - indeed, it is essential.
Argument by Master Karlyss: Necromancy is an anathema throughout the civilized world. To embrace it publicly, the Mages Guild would inspire fear and hostility in the populace at large. Vanus Galerion wanted this institution to be unlike the Psijic Order, which was elitist and separatist. We ignore public opinion at our own risk. We will certainly lose our charters in many places including, very likely, the whole of Morrowind, where sentiment against Necromancy is very strong.
Counter-Argument by Master gra-Kogg: Yes, we should be sensitive to the concerns of the community, but they should not and must not dictate our scholarship. 'Necromancer' to many uneducated persons simply means an evil mage. It is madness to limit our work because of prejudices and half-formed understanding. It is an affront to the purpose of objective study to turn our back on a subject merely because of public opinion.
Argument by Master gra-Kogg: Necromancers are the scourge of Tamriel. Whether operating independently or in concert with the sloads or King of Worms, Mannimarco, they are responsible for many horrors, animated zombies and skeletons and other forms of the undead. To best combat this menace, we must understand the powers of the Necromancer, and we cannot do that by restricting our study of the Black Arts.
Counter-Argument by Master Karlyss: No one is disputing the threat of the Black Arts - in fact, that is the very essence of my argument against the Mages Guild making it a School to be taught to our initiates. We can and should know what our enemy is capable of, but we must be careful not to step into a trap of looking too deep into his ways, and making those ways our own. We do no one any good if by studying the evil ways, we become evil ourselves.
Argument by Master Karlyss: Necromancy is inherently dangerous. One cannot 'dabble' in it. The simplest spell requires the spilling of blood, and immediately begins to corrupt the caster's soul. This is not conjecture, but simple fact. It is irresponsible of the Guild to teach and thereby encourage a sort of magickal study which has proven itself, time and time again, to bring nothing but terror and misery on the practitioner and world.
Counter-Argument by Master gra-Kogg: All Schools of magicka are dangerous to the uninitiated. A simple fireball spell from the School of Destruction can cause great harm when cast by a novice, not only to others but to the mage himself. The School of Mysticism by its very nature forces the practitioner to divorce his mind from logic, to embrace a temporary sort of insanity, which one might argue is very like corrupting one's soul.
Argument by Master gra-Kogg: The Guild already permits some forms of Necromancy. The 'Schools' of magicka are, as we know, artificial constructs, originally formulated by Vanus Galerion to divide and thereby simplify study. They have changed many times throughout the years, but at their heart, every Master knows, they are all linked together. When a student of Conjuration summons a guardian ghost, he is touching on the School of Necromancy. When a student of Enchantment uses a trapped soul, he too may be considered guilty of a Black Art. The School of Mysticism, as I have stated before, has some kinship with Necromancy as well. To state that students may not learn the ways of Necromancy is to stifle common skills in the other, more historically legitimate Schools of the Guild.
Counter-Argument by Master Karlyss: Yes, the Schools are intertwined, but the standard spells of each School have passed the proof of time. We know that a student of Mysticism, properly instructed, will not be permanently harmed by his experience. In many ways, it is a question of extremes - how far we would permit our studies to take us. Necromancy by its nature relies on the practitioner going further into the darkness than is wise, virtually guaranteeing his destruction. It has no place in the Mages Guild.

CONCLUSION
The risks of studying Necromancy outweigh its usefulness. The Guild does not wish to censor the study of any of its members, but it will not tolerate studies in the Black Arts, except in limited form for the purpose of combating its evil adherents. This may only been done by rare individuals who have proven themselves both highly skilled and highly cautious, and then only with my express permission and supervision.

AFTERWORD
I regret to acknowledge the truth behind the rumor that Master Ulliceta gra-Kogg was more than an apologist for Necromancy, she was a Necromancer herself. Upon this revelation, the Knights of the Lamp attempted to arrest her at the Guildhouse in Orsinium, but she made good her escape. We have every confidence in the replacement Magister in Orsinium.
Though I disagreed, I respected her logical reasoning enough to include her arguments in this book, and I see no reason to remove them. It is disappointing, however, to see that her interest in 'the truth' was nothing more than a euphemism for her slavery to the Black Arts.
This unfortunate situation merely illustrates how essential it is for Guildmembers to be wary of the lure of Necromancy, and be vigilant to its practitioners' infiltration in our Mages Guild.

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