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【书籍搬运】The Bear of Markarth 麦卡斯之熊

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原文地址:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:The_Bear_of_Markarth

作者:帝国学者 阿瑞亚斯·阿里乌斯

翻译:花溪流萤

乌弗瑞克·风氅因其在镇压弃誓者叛乱中扮演的角色被他的很多部下视为英雄。据说当帝国无暇顾及天际省之时,这些河源地土著开始作乱(毫无疑问是因为诺德人把他们当作劣等民族看待),乌弗瑞克·风氅和他的军队及时出现并从弃誓者手里夺回了“他们”的土地。在吟游诗人为他的功绩谱写的夸大其词的史诗中,你将会认为他是一个巨人,在精明,领导力,果敢方面堪与泰伯·赛普丁 比肩。

但是事实远非如此,不错,在 4E 174-176年间,弃誓者实际控制了河源地并且从帝国独立出去。不错,因为当时帝国被艾德莫精灵国军事力量围困而不能够派遣部队重夺失地,不错,乌弗瑞克·风氅在没有帝国军队的帮助下平息了叛乱。这些都是真的,但令吟游诗人难以启齿的事情是,弃誓者王国在执政的2年间,表现的相当温和。

不错,曾经的诺德土地拥有者(大部分是那些被指控苛刻对待本地工作者的人)是有很多被定罪,但是总体上来讲,弃誓者还是公平的统治着这片土地的,而且发出声明希望帝国可以承认他们王国的合法性。

在卫国战争结束的劫后余生中,你可以想象帝国大量重大问题堆积如山(无暇理会弃誓者的和平协议)。在和弃誓者的和平协议签订之前,一支以乌弗瑞克·风氅为首的武装包围了他们首府麦卡斯的大门。在战争中爆发的冲突叫战斗,但是战争结束后的冲突简直就是战争罪行。

为弃誓者这工作过的每一个人都被杀掉了,甚至在他们投降之后也难逃一死。当地的女人备受凌虐,以使她们供出逃出城市或者隐匿于河源地山上的弃誓者战士的名字。任何在城破之后不与暴风斗篷们一起战斗的居民,无论看起来是弃誓者还是诺德人,统统被处以极刑。“不和我们一伙就是和天际为敌”就是他对不响应他的号召和他一起战斗的商店主,农民,老人和任何能拿起剑的孩子下达的死亡宣言。

所以当一个“心存感激”的帝国承认了风暴斗篷的胜利,并派遣士兵重建河源地的法律秩序时,对他扬言需重新恢复塔洛斯的信仰才放帝国军进入并不感到奇怪,随着街道间的混乱日益扩大,伤亡报告与日俱增,帝国没有别的选择只好承认乌弗瑞克和他子民的信仰。

我们允许他们信封塔洛斯,完全违背了与 艾德莫精灵国签订的白金协定(精灵的信仰认为,塔罗斯一介凡人,不配名列圣灵之列)。在为卫国战争付出巨大牺牲之后被逼签下如此协议,帝国确有不对。但是我问你,我们还有什么选择?对于麦卡斯之熊,乌弗瑞克·风氅来讲,“说不”不是个答案。

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The Bear of Markarth
The Crimes of Ulfric Stormcloak
by Arrianus Arius, Imperial Scholar
An account of Ulfric Stormcloak's short-lived independent reign over the Reach.


Ulfric Stormcloak is considered a hero by many for his part in quelling the Forsworn Uprising. It is said that when the Empire abandoned Skyrim, and the natives of the Reach rebelled (undoubtedly due to the Nords [sic] poor treatment of them), Ulfric Stormcloak and his militia was there to retake "their" land from the Forsworn. In all the bravado and epic yarns the skalds compose of his exploits, you would think Ulfric to be a giant of a man, equal to that of Tiber Septim in his cunning, leadership, and decisive actions.
But the truth is far more revealing. Yes, from 4E 174-176, the Forsworn did in fact rule over the Reach as an independent kingdom from Skyrim. Yes, this was accomplished while the Empire was beset by Aldmeri Dominion forces and could not send the Legion to re-establish order. And yes, Ulfric Stormcloak did quell the rebellion without Imperial assistance. That much is true, but what the bards often fail to tell in their stories is that the Forsworn Kingdom was quite peaceful for those 2 years they were in power.
True, some crimes were committed against former Nord landowners (often those accused of being the harshest towards their native workers), but on the whole the Forsworn ruled their lands fairly, and were making overtures to be recognized by the Empire as a legitimate kingdom.
In the wake of the aftermath of the Great War, you can imagine the backlog on stately matters the Empire had. Before a peace treaty could be resolved with the Forsworn, a militia led by Ulfric Stormcloak sieged the gates of their capital, Markarth. What happened during that battle was war, but what happened after the battle was over is nothing short of war crimes.
Every official who worked for the Forsworn was put to the sword, even after they had surrendered. Native women were tortured to give up names of Forsworn fighters who had fled the city or were in the hills of the Reach. Anyone who lived in the city, Forsworn and Nord alike, were executed if they had not fought with Ulfric and his men when they breached the gates. "You are with us, or you are against Skyrim" was the message on Ulfric's lips as he ordered the deaths of shopkeepers, farmers, the elderly, and any child old enough to lift a sword that had failed in the call to fight with him.
So when a "grateful" Empire accepted Ulfric's victory and sent soldiers to re-establish the rule of law in the Reach, it was no surprise that he would demand to be allowed to worship Talos freely before the Legion could enter. With chaos running through the streets of Markarth and the reports of deaths rising every day, the Empire had no choice but to grant Ulfric and his men their worship.
We allowed them to worship Talos, in full violation of the White-Gold Concordat with the Aldmeri Dominion (which recognizes the elven belief that Talos, as a human, cannot be one of the Divines). In jeopardizing the treaty that so many sacrificed for during the Great War, the Empire was wrong. But what choice did they have, I ask you? Against the Bear of Markarth, Ulfric Stormcloak, "no" is not an answer.

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