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【书籍搬运】The Alduin/Akatosh Dichotomy 奥杜因/阿卡托什分歧

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原文地址:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:The_Alduin/Akatosh_Dichotomy

作者:途歇城阿卡托什圣堂大祭司 亚利桑德拉·西蒙

翻译:花溪流萤

作为阿卡托什圣堂的大祭司,我终生为这位伟大巨龙服务。他是鸿蒙之始(时间的端点)。以其无与伦比的伟大和力量位列神灵之首。他是无穷力量的具现化。

毫无疑问我对阿卡托什的信仰十分坚定。但我并非盲目崇拜,因为同时我也是位勤奋的学者,重视教育,追求任何形式的真理。因此,我对能够为探求阿卡托什—我们挚爱的神灵的真理奉献终生而深感荣幸。

伟大巨龙的信仰贯穿整个文明世界(在此不单指帝国,亦包含我们伟大奈恩星球上其他具有学习能力,掌握文字的民族),通常这位至高神族以阿卡托什之名示人。但是鲜为人知的是,间或出现的另外两个名字也是代指它(阿卡托什)。

古代精灵称阿卡托什为 奥瑞-艾尔。诺德人叫它奥杜因。这些名称常见于远古文献记载,毫无疑问,两者从其体现的神性来看别无旁落,正是我们所说的阿卡托什。

然而即使在如今这个文明开化的年代,仍有人对此不表认同。他们认为地方传说中的阿卡托什根本不是我们口中的阿卡托什。他们甚至认为两者(代指以上两种别称)是不同的神,只是多多少少与伟大巨龙有些相似而已。

夏暮岛的很多高级精灵崇拜奥瑞-艾尔,阿努艾-尔的灵魂,随后又称为万物之神阿努的精魂。但是如果你亲自询问一个高级精灵(在我前往夏暮岛完成研究之时,我曾这么做过),他们之中的大部分都会承认奥瑞-艾尔只是他们文化信仰熏陶下,阿卡托什的一个别名。

因此,流传于天际省诺德人之间的神学异议很可能是谬论,他们的顽固同耐寒力及勇猛齐名。当我在这个荒凉,白雪皑皑的行省旅行时,我惊奇的发现,这里人们的看法和那些高等精灵截然不同。诺德的主流民意认为奥杜因并不是阿卡托什,完全是另外一个神。是一条巨龙,但不是伟大巨龙。

为了深入这个争论的核心,我咨询了数位诺德人,他们的领袖是一位苍老而受人尊敬的叫做伯恩马什-淋血的氏族酋长。交谈中最令我惊讶的不是他们把奥杜因当成阿卡托什,而是他们认为奥杜因独立于阿卡托什之外。实际上,天际省的多数儿童对于阿卡托什的看法和我一致-他是伟大龙族。位居神灵之首,是一种凌驾于世间万物之上的超凡力量的具现化。

但奥杜因,他们声称,那是一种完全不同的存在。

奥杜因是否是神尚存争议,但是诺德传说认定它是一条非常古老,非常有力的龙,诺德人称它“世界吞噬者”,甚至有传说记载它能吞食死者的精魂以补充能量。其他有关奥杜因的故事提到奥杜因曾经作为龙之君主,联合其他龙族与人类大战,直到败于一位或数位英雄之手。

不可否认,这些传说有几分道理。但是作为大祭司和一位学者,我必须要质问问题的关键-有证据吗?

天际省的诺德人把自己的古老传说看得很重,这正是(其理论)不足为证的根源所在。流传于途歇城市集广场中的一则流言都能在数小时的传播中产生戏剧性的变化,当天结束之际,半数以上的市民都是在以讹传讹。让我这个受过良好教育的文明开化之人怎么去相信千百年来口口相传至今的传说?

问题的答案很明显-这不能(说服我)。

有鉴于此,我的结论是,诺德传说中的奥杜因极有可能就是阿卡托什,只是因为千百年来的复述和加工而变得面目全非。尽管这不能怪罪他们,但是古诺德人并没有成功理解这一伟大巨龙的的仁慈和伟大,正是基于缺乏认知,才导致了当前状况(把阿卡托什当作奥杜因),讽刺的是,他们极具创造力的杜撰出世界吞噬者“奥杜因”这个名词,凭籍着睡前(哄孩子)的虚构故事为自己的祖先辩护(如果猜测属实)。

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Akatosh Dichotomy
by Alexandre Simon, High Priest of the Akatosh Chantry, Wayrest
A priest's deductions on the relation between Akatosh and Alduin


As High Priest of the Akatosh Chantry, I have dedicated my life to the service of the Great Dragon. He who was first at the Beginning. He who is greatest and most powerful of all the Divines. He who is the very embodiment of infinity.
I am, quite obviously, a man of deep and unwavering faith. But not blind faith, for I am also a man of scholarly endeavors, and have always valued education and the pursuit of truth, in all its forms. And so, I have had the honor and privilege of making it my life's work to discover the truth about Akatosh, in all of our beloved Divine's incarnations.
Throughout the civilized world (and I refer not only to the Empire, but to every nation on greatNirn that has embraced the virtues of learning and letters), the Great Dragon is worshipped. Usually, the highest of Divines is referred to as Akatosh. But what some may not be aware of is that he is occasionally referred to by two other names as well.
The Aldmer refer to Akatosh as Auri-El. The Nords call him Alduin. These names come up repeatedly in certain ancient texts, and in each one, it is clear that the deity in question is none other than he whom we call Akatosh.
Yet there are those who believe, even in this enlightened age, that this is not so. That the regional interpretations of Akatosh are not interpretations of Akatosh at all. Rather, they are references to altogether different deities, deities who may or may not share the same aspects or be the Great Dragon at all.
Many Altmer of Summerset Isle worship Auri-El, who is the soul of Anui-El, who in turn is the soul of Anu the Everything. But if you ask the high elves themselves (as I did, when I traveled to Summerset Isle to continue my research), the majority will concede that Auri-El is but Akatosh with a different name, colored by their own cultural beliefs.
So maybe it comes as no surprise that the real theological dissention lies in Skyrim, among the Nord people - renowned as much for their stubbornness as they are their hardiness and prowess on the fields of valor. When I journeyed to the stark white province, I was surprised to find a people whose views on Akatosh are almost diametrically opposed to those of the Altmer. The majority of Nord people seem to believe that their Alduin of legend is not Akatosh, but another deity entirely. A great dragon, yes, but not the Great Dragon.
Determined to get to the heart of this matter, I consulted with several Nords, chief among them an old and respected clan chief by the name of Bjorn Much-Bloodied. And what surprised me most about those I talked to was not that they believed in Alduin instead of Akatosh, but that they recognized Alduin in addition to Akatosh. In fact, most children of Skyrim seem to view Akatosh in much the same way I do - he is, in fact, the Great Dragon. First among the Divines, perseverance personified and, more than anything, a force of supreme good in the world.
Alduin, they claim, is something altogether different.
Whether or not he is actually a deity remains in question, but the Alduin of Nord folklore is in fact a dragon, but one so ancient, and so powerful, he was dubbed the "World Eater," and some accounts even have him devouring the souls of the dead to maintain his own power. Other stories revolve around Alduin acting as some sort of dragon king, uniting the other dragons in a war against mankind, until he was eventually defeated at the hands of one or more brave heroes.
It is hard to deny that such legends are compelling. But as both High Priest and scholar, I am forced to ask that most important of questions - where is the evidence?
The Nords of Skyrim place a high value on their oral traditions, but such is the core of their unreliability. A rumor passed around the Wayrest market square can change so dramatically in the course of a few simple hours, that by the end of the day, one might believe half the city's residents were involved in any number of scandalous activities. How then is an educated, enlightened person possibly supposed to believe a legend that has been passed down, by word of mouth only, for hundreds, or even thousands of years?
The answer to such a question is simple - he cannot.
And so, it is my conclusion that the Alduin of Nord legend is in fact mighty Akatosh, whose story grew twisted and deformed through centuries of retelling and embellishment. Through no real fault of their own, the primitive peoples of Skyrim failed to understand the goodness and greatness of the Great Dragon, and it was this lack of understanding that formed the basis of what became, ironically, their most impressive creative achievement - "Alduin," the World Eater, phantom of bedtime stories and justification for ancient (if imagined deeds).

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