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【书籍搬运】Skyrim’s Rule 天际省的法度

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http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Lore:Skyrim%27s_Rule

外来人眼中的天际省法度 作者:Abdul-Mujib Ababneh

我一生游历四方,行迹遍布帝国治下的各大行省,见识过千奇百怪的风土人情。我发现,但凡每个行省都有其独特的统治方式,领导体系也不拘一格。就拿黑沼泽来说,那里的亚龙人国王会时而利用Shadowscale Assassins来扫除异己,可其人民却浑然不觉。赛瑞迪尔行省虽为帝都所在之处,皇帝自能大展拳脚,可也得时时看元老院的颜色。不久前,我北上游历天际,造访了这片诺德人居住的荒凉冻土。正是此段行程,令我头一回领略到了这支勇武而又骄傲的民族那独特的统治方式。整个天际行省被分割成一个个相互独立的“封地”,封地内最大也最古老的城市一般都被作为其都城。都城内居住着一方君王,号称领主。若有一日将天际省的各大领主齐聚一堂,那场面绝对能教人胆寒。这些威风凛凛的统治者们,平日里都端坐于宝座之上,俨然一副铁面无私、刚正不阿的神态;万一遇到当地居民有难,他们就会指挥着手下的武装除暴安良。哪怕对手是凶狠的狼群,或是高大的巨人,只要胆敢擅闯领地,都绝不姑息。一番观察后我发现,领主们非但性格迥异,行事手段也大不相同。然而最令我意想不到的是,这些本该在常人印象中既野蛮又不开化的诺德人首领,竟能发展出如此完备的宫廷制度。除了宝座上的领主外,其手下还有一群相吏,他们各司其责,各尽其能。宫廷巫师负责对领主提供有关魔法方面的建议,有时还会向造访城堡的人们提供服务,兜售法术典籍。主管是领主的首席顾问,一般而言,凡是与城堡、城池乃至整个封地有关的内政事务,都会视情况交由他来全权处理。侍卫则是领主的个人保镖,几乎时刻不离领主左右,要是有人胆敢顶撞他们,那就等着倒霉吧。他们誓死保卫领主,若有必要,甚至不惜献出自己的生命。然而就算领主的个人魅力再高,影响力再大,真正能够由上至下主宰整个天际省的还是至尊王。至尊王在天际拥有至高无上的权力,每一任至尊王都通过Moot从各领主中选出。所谓的Moot,是由众领主组成的特别议事机构,其主要目的就是选举至尊王。当然,这只是表面文章,实际上至尊王完全效忠于帝国的皇帝,而Solitude城由于政治文化始终深受帝国影响,因此几乎每代至尊王都由其领主包办。所以说到底,Moot不过是场政治闹剧而已。可就在我即将离开天际时,我却嗅到了变革的气息,有一股不安的情绪在善良的诺德人中蔓延。许多人都不满帝国长久以来对他们的统治,加之帝国与先代精灵之地/艾德莫精灵国所签订的白金协定中将塔洛斯剔出九圣灵的行列,导致不少仍奉其为圣灵的异端信徒们逃亡到天际,一定程度上助长了这种情绪。如今,领主们尚能安然居于城堡之内,接受由皇帝钦定的至尊王统领;是否有朝一日,Moot真能选出一名货真价实的至尊王,不再如人们所说是“Solitude的傀儡”呢?假若真有这天,那我该庆幸自己早已远离了这片是非之地,回到了老家落锤省/落锤之地。因为这样的决定必将导致内战,而这样的一场战争,也必将使美丽善良的诺德民族分崩离析。

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Skyrim's Rule:
An Outsider's View
by Abdul-Mujib Ababneh
A Redguard explains Skyrim's political system


In my travels, and they have been many, I have encountered many strange peoples and cultures, in many different provinces of the Empire. And in each, I have found a method of governing and customs of leadership unique to that particular province.
In Black Marsh, for example, the Argonian King relies upon his Shadowscale Assassins to eliminate threats secretly, without the common knowledge of his people. In the Imperial Province ofCyrodiil, the Emperor may rule directly, but the power granted to his Elder Council cannot be understated.
During a recent journey to Skyrim, that harsh, frozen realm of the Nords, I was able for the first time to witness the unique manner of rule of this strong, proud people.
It would appear that the entire province of Skyrim is separated into territories known as "holds," and each hold finds its seat of power in one of the great, ancient cities. And in each of those cities, there rules that hold's king, known as a Jarl.
The Jarls of Skyrim are, as a whole, a fierce sight indeed. Sitting on their thrones, ready to administer justice, or send their forces out to quell some local threat, be it a pack of feral wolves or a terrifying giant that has wandered too close to a settlement.
In observing these Jarls, I found each to of course have his or her own unique personality and leadership style. But what I perhaps did not expect - especially considering the Nord leaders' unfair reputation as barbarians or uncivilized chieftains - was the formal structure of each Jarl's court. For while that hold's leader may be the one to sit on the throne, there is also a collection of functionaries who serve very specific and important roles.
The court wizard counsels the Jarl in all matters magical, and may even sell services or spells to the keep's visitors. The Steward is the Jarl's primary advisor, and generally takes care of the more mundane aspects of running the keep, the city, or even the hold, depending on the situation. And woe is the fool who defies the Housecarl - a personal bodyguard who rarely leaves the Jarl's side, and has pledged to sacrifice his or her own life to save that of their honored leader, if ever the need should arrive.
But as mighty and influential as each individual Jarl is, Skyrim's true power comes from the strength of its High King. The High King is ruler above all, and is always one of the Jarls, selected by a body called the "Moot" - a specially convened council of all the Jarls, who meet with the express purpose of choosing Skyrim's High King. Or so it is, in theory.
The reality, however, is that the High King swears fealty to the Emperor, and as Solitude is the city most directly influenced by Imperial culture and politics, the Jarl of Solitude has served as High King for generations. The Moot, therefore, is more formality and theater than anything else.
But as I prepared to leave Skyrim, I could feel a change in the air, sense the trepidation of some of the good Nord people. Many seemed unhappy with the Empire's continued presence in their land. And the outlawing of the worship of Talos as the Ninth Divine - a stipulation of the White-Gold Concordat, the peace treaty between the Empire and Aldmeri Dominion - has only strengthened that division.
So while the Jarls of Skyrim still control their holds, and those Jarls are ruled over by their Imperial-sanctioned High King, will there come a day when the Moot convenes to select a new High King - one that is not, as many would say, the Emperor's "Solitude puppet"?
If that day comes, I will be thankful to be far away from Skyrim, in my own home of Hammerfell. For such a decision could well mean civil war, and I fear that such a conflict would tear the fierce and beautiful Nord people asunder.

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