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【书籍搬运】On Oblivion 论湮灭地狱

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原文地址:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:On_Oblivion

中文翻译:

论湮灭地狱

——莫利安·甄纳斯

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注:作者于完成本书后仍在继续研究湮灭地狱,此事记录于作者学徒的著作《湮灭地狱之门》中。

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将湮灭地狱维度的居民称为“魔鬼”虽是习惯性叫法却并不合适。这种称呼可能要源自第一纪元预言家马鲁赫的爱丽西亚教规——滑稽之处在于,该教规禁止“通于麻鬼”,却没有解释“麻鬼”到底是什么。

极有可能的是,“麻鬼”就是“迪德拉”的错误转写或者词源翻译,而“迪德拉”则是古精灵语里对那些来自湮灭地狱动机不明的奇怪且强大生物的称呼。(“迪德拉”实际上是复数形式,单数形式为“迪德罗思”。)差不多在原始教规出版的千年之后,在天际国王虔信者海尔的一本小册子里,他政敌的邪恶阴谋被写得堪比“湮灭地狱魔鬼的邪恶……他们的堕落与桑吉恩无异,他们残忍如勃耶西亚,算计如莫拉格·巴尔,疯狂如希奥格拉丝。”虔信者路易在这里贡献了四位迪德拉领主的冗长书面记录。

不过书面记录并不是研究湮灭地狱与居住在其中的迪德拉的最佳方法。那些“通于麻鬼”的人极少愿意将事情公之于众,但终究这些事情还是散见于第一纪元的各类文字资料里,比如日记、日志、烧女巫通告以及猎杀迪德拉指南。这些资料是我进行研究的第一手素材,至少与我实际上远距离召唤出并交谈过的迪德拉亲王本人一样可信。

湮灭地狱很明显是由诸多地域组成的——因此湮灭地狱本身与许多名字都是同义词:冷港、沼地、月影等等。湮灭地狱的每一片地域都由一名亲王统治,这大概不会出错。下面这些迪德拉亲王的名字一次又一次出现在古籍里(尽管当然并非是他们身分或存在绝对可靠的证据)——之前提到的桑吉恩、勃耶西亚、莫拉格·巴尔和希奥格拉丝,以及阿祖拉、梅法拉、克拉维萨斯·维里、维耶米娜、玛拉凯斯、霍尔缪斯(或赫玛乌斯或霍玛乌斯或赫玛——没有公认的正确写法)·莫拉、娜米拉、吉嘎拉格、诺克特娜、莫拉恩斯·达根以及佩伊特。

就我的经验而谈,迪德拉多种多样。除去他们均拥有强大力量与对极端性的强烈偏好,他们在其余方面的表现几乎不能让人把他们划入同一个分类中去。尽管如此,出于学术之便,我还是尝试着把他们分成了几类。

莫拉恩斯·达根、莫拉格·巴尔、佩伊特、勃耶西亚与维耶尼玛是迪德拉中最具有“魔鬼特征”的,因为他们的领域似乎天生就具有毁灭性。其他的迪德拉当然可以同等程度地危险,但通常不会像这五位一样纯粹追求毁灭。上述五位在毁灭种类上也各不相同。莫拉恩斯·达根偏好以自然灾害——地震与火山喷发——释放愤怒。莫拉格·巴尔干涉其他迪德拉的事务,而勃耶西亚煽动凡人战士起兵。佩伊特的领域似乎是瘟疫,而维耶尼玛的则是折磨。

为了给本系列的下一部作品做准备,我将调查自我成为迪德拉研究者之初就一直困扰我的两个问题。第一个问题是关于一名特殊的迪德罗思,也有可能是另一位迪德拉亲王,在许多古书文献中都被称为赫希恩。赫希恩被称为“亲王中的猎手”以及“人兽之父”,但我还不知道有谁能召唤他。另一个问题更令人困扰,我的目标是找到使凡人能够穿越湮灭地狱的可行方法。我总是坚信我们只需害怕我们不理解之物——如此想法让我更要继续追求目标的结果了。

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On Oblivion
by Morian Zenas
A guide to Oblivion and the Daedra

 Note: The author continued to research Oblivion after writing this book, as documented in a book written by his apprentice, The Doors of Oblivion.
 It is improper, however customary, to refer to the denizens of the dimension of Oblivion as "demons." This practice probably dates to the Alessian Doctrinesof the First Era prophet Marukh—which, rather amusingly, forbade "trafficke with daimons" and then neglected to explain what daimons were.
It is most probable that "daimon" is a misspelling or etymological rendition of "Daedra," the old Elven word for those strange, powerful creatures of uncertain motivation who hail from the dimensions of Oblivion. ("Daedra" is actually the plural form; the singular is "Daedroth.") In a later tract by King Hale the Pious of Skyrim, almost a thousand years after the publication of the original Doctrines, the evil machinations of his political enemies are compared to "the wickedness of the demons of Oblivion... their depravity equals that of Sanguine itself, they are cruel asBoethiah, calculating as Molag Bal, and mad as Sheogorath." Hale the Pious thus long-windedly introduced four of the Daedra Lords to written record.
But the written record is not, after all, the best way to research Oblivion and the Daedra who inhabit it. Those who "trafficke with daimons" seldom wish it to be a matter of public account. Nevertheless, scattered throughout the literature of the First Era are diaries, journals, notices for witch burnings, and guides for Daedra-slayers. These I have used as my primary source material. They are at least as trustworthy as the Daedra lords I have actually summoned and spoken with at length.
Apparently, Oblivion is a place composed of many lands—thus the many names for which Oblivion is synonymous: ColdharbourQuagmireMoonshadow, etc. It may be correctly supposed that each land of Oblivion is ruled over by one prince. The Daedric Princes whose names appear over and over in ancient records (though this is not an infallible test of their authenticity or explicit existence, to be sure) are the aforementioned Sanguine, Boethiah, Molag Bal, and Sheogorath, and in addition,AzuraMephalaClavicus VileVaerminaMalacathHoermius (or Hermaeus or Hormaius or Herma—there seems to be no one accepted spelling) Mora, NamiraJyggalagNocturnalMehrunes Dagon, andPeryite.
From my experience, Daedra are a very mixed lot. It is almost impossible to categorize them as a whole except for their immense power and penchant for extremism. Be that as it may, I have here attempted to do so in a few cases, purely for the sake of scholastic expediency.
Mehrunes Dagon, Molag Bal, Peryite, Boethiah, and Vaermina are among the most consistently "demonic" of the Daedra, in the sense that their spheres seem to be destructive in nature. The other Daedra can, of course, be equally dangerous, but seldom purely for the sake of destruction as these five can. Nor are these previous five identical in their destructiveness. Mehrunes Dagon seems to prefer natural disasters—earthquakes and volcanoes—for venting his anger. Molag Bal elects the employment of other Daedra, and Boethiah inspires the arms of mortal warriors. Peryite's sphere seems to be pestilence, and Vaermina's torture.
In preparation for the next installment in this series, I will be investigating two matters that have intrigued me since I began my career as a Daedra researcher. The first is on one particular Daedra, perhaps yet another Daedric Prince, referred to in multiple articles of incunabula asHircine. Hircine has been called "the Huntsman of the Princes" and "the Father of Man-beasts," but I have yet to find anyone who can summon him. The other, and perhaps more doubtful, goal I have is to find a practical means for mortal men to pass through to Oblivion. It has always been my philosophy that we need only fear that which we do not understand—and with that thought in mind, I ever pursue my objective.

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