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【书籍搬运】Gods and Worship 神祇和礼拜

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Gods and Worship

by Brother Hetchfield

Speculation concerning the worship of gods and their benefit from such

原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:Gods_and_Worship

神祇和礼拜

作者:赫奇菲尔德修士(Brother Hetchfield)

译者:s_sir

有关对神祇的礼拜以及祂们在此中有何收益的推测

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编者注:赫奇菲尔德修士是帝国大学的一名助理书记官,从事基础研究工作。

人们通常都依据神祇们在尘世活动的证据来对祂们进行判断。一个主要的观点是诸神会积极参与世俗活动,但这个观点却受到以下事实的挑战:那就是诸神在瘟疫和饥荒时所表现出来的明显的冷漠和无情。

从对英雄冒险的干预到日常生活中的显圣,泰姆瑞尔诸神祇的行为很难用一个模板来预测。神祇们所关心的事情从各个方面来考量都是互不相干的,至少和凡世的琐事是毫无关联的。不过,也确实存在着例外。

不少历史记录和传奇故事都记载了在某些“危急”的时刻,一位或数位神祇对事情的发展进行了直接的干涉。许多英雄传说也叙述了神祇们会赐福于那些为牠或牠的神庙进行工作或冒险的英雄人物。某些已知世界中威力更加强大的器物最初就是通过这种方式被赐予它们的主人的。另有报告称神庙中的高阶祭司们有时会在需要的时候召唤他们的神祇显圣进行赐福或者提供帮助。这种接触和恩赐的真实性质现在还大部流于推测,因为神庙把这种联系视作神圣而严守秘密。这种直接的联系给诸神关注着尘世的观点增加了权重。然而,在许多场合,同样的神祇却对苦难和死亡熟视无睹,仿佛觉得不需要干预似的。因此我们或许可以得出这样一个结论:作为凡人的我们,恐怕是没有能力对神祇的思维逻辑哪怕有一丁点的理解的。

一个所有男神和女神都具有的典型特征是他们对礼拜和圣功的兴趣。像神圣探险这类事迹只是诸多能引起神祇注意的圣功中的一种。日常生活中亦可行圣功,遵循某一特定庙宇的戒律和职责通常被认为可以取悦该神祇。在神庙里举行庆典也可以引起神祇的注意。不同的神祇对应着不同的庆典。结果并不总是很显著,但如果想获得神祇的注目,牺牲和献祭通常都是免不了的。

虽然曾有过神祇在神庙的日常生活中显圣的记载,但诸神在俗世生活中“显圣”的真实性质则仍然是一个受到争议的课题。木精灵有一句俗语:“一人眼中的神迹却是另一人眼中的意外。”虽然某些神祇被相信会积极干预俗世,但另一些则以对人间毫不关心而著称。

有一个肯定的结论是:神祇们确实能从诸如赞美、献祭和行圣功等礼拜活动中获得力量。甚至还可以得出进一步的结论:一个神祇拥有信徒的数量反映了牠在诸神中的地位。这是我个人的一个推论,得之于一个明显的事实,那就是相较于那些较小的宗教团体,大神庙能够轻易地获得其神祇的赐福和帮助。

有报告称,在我们这个世界中存在着一种灵体,它们像神祇一样,拥有使用凡人的行为和圣功来增强自己力量的能力。了解这种生物的本质将有助于我们更为清晰地了解神祇和其信徒之间的关系。

存在着这种灵体的事实暗示着它们可能拥有把自己提升为男神或女神的能力。帝国神学院的莫特索(Motusuo)曾指出:这些灵体可能是在岁月中丧失了自己所有或绝大部分信徒的男神或女神们所留下的遗骸,意即退化到了祂们的最初形态。而“古道”的奉行者们则说:世上并无神祇,有的只是大一点和小一点的灵体而已。也许所有的这三种理论都是正确的。

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An Overview of Gods and Worship in Tamriel
by Brother Hetchfield
Speculation concerning the worship of gods and their benefit from such


Note: This is the version of the book found in MorrowindOblivionSkyrim and The Elder Scrolls Online . The only difference between the books in these four games is the title.
In Morrowind it is "Overview of Gods and Worship"; in Oblivion and Skyrim it is "Gods and Worship" and in Online it is "Gods and Worship in Tamriel".
A similar but not identical book also exists in Daggerfall; see
 An Overview of Gods And Worship for that version.

Editor's Note:

Brother Hetchfeld is an Associate Scribe at the Imperial University, Office of Introductory Studies

Gods are commonly judged upon the evidence of their interest in worldly matters. A central belief in the active participation of Deities in mundane matters can be challenged by the reference to apparent apathy and indifference on the part of Gods during times of plague or famine.
From intervention in legendary quests to manifestations in common daily life, no pattern for the Gods of Tamriel activities is readily perceived. The concerns of Gods in many ways may seem unrelated or at best unconcerned with the daily trials of the mortal realm. The exceptions do exist, however.
Many historical records and legends point to the direct intervention of one or more gods at times of great need. Many heroic tales recount blessings of the divinity bestowed upon heroic figures who worked or quested for the good of a Deity or the Deity's temple. Some of the more powerful artifacts in the known world were originally bestowed upon their owners through such reward. It has also been reported that priests of high ranking in their temples may on occasion call upon their Deity for blessings or help in time of need. The exact nature of such contact and the blessings bestowed is given to much speculation, as the temples hold such associations secret and holy. This direct contact gives weight to the belief that the Gods are aware of the mortal realm. In many circumstances, however, these same Gods will do nothing in the face of suffering and death, seeming to feel no need to interfere. It is thus possible to conclude that we, as mortals, may not be capable of understanding more than a small fraction of the reasoning and logic such beings use.
One defining characteristic of all Gods and Goddesses is their interest in worship and deeds. Deeds in the form of holy quests are just one of the many things that bring the attention of a Deity. Deeds in everyday life, by conforming to the statutes and obligations of individual temples are commonly supposed to please a Deity. Performance of ceremony in a temple may also bring a Deity's attention. Ceremonies vary according to the individual Deity. The results are not always apparent but sacrifice and offerings are usually required to have any hope of gaining a Deity's attention.
While direct intervention in daily temple life has been recorded, the exact nature of the presence of a God in daily mundane life is a subject of controversy. A traditional saying of theWood Elves is that "One man's miracle is another man's accident." While some gods are believed to take an active part of daily life, others are well known for their lack of interest in temporal affairs.
It has been theorized that gods do in fact gain strength from such things as worship through praise, sacrifice and deed. It may even be theorized that the number of worshippers a given Deity has may reflect on His overall position among the other Gods. This my own conjecture, garnered from the apparent ability of the larger temples to attain blessings and assistance from their God with greater ease than smaller religious institutions.
There are reports of the existence of spirits in our world that have the same capacity to use the actions and deeds of mortals to strengthen themselves as do the Gods. The understanding of the exact nature of such creatures would allow us to understand with more clarity the connection between a Deity and the Deity's worshipers [sic].
The implication of the existence of such spirits leads to the speculation that these spirits may even be capable of raising themselves to the level of a God or Goddess. Motusuo of the Imperial Seminary has suggested that these spirits may be the remains of Gods and Goddesses who through time lost all or most of their following, reverting to their earliest most basic form. Practioners [sic]of the Old Ways say that there are no Gods, just greater and lesser spirits. Perhaps it is possible for all three theories to be true.

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