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【书籍搬运】Effects of the Elder Scrolls 上古卷轴的所成效果

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原文地址:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Skyrim:Effects_of_the_Elder_Scrolls

中文翻译:

上古卷轴的所呈效果

——贾斯廷纽斯·波鲁纽斯(Justinius Poluhnius)

在学者中广为人知的便是阅读上古卷轴必须承担特定的风险。这种效果的形成机制目前很大程度上还是个谜——隐秘知识与神力报应的理论都是几无调查依据的猜想。

我,贾斯廷纽斯·波鲁纽斯,一直承担着记录上古卷轴在其读者身上激发出的种种病症的工作,不过关于它们呈现出何种表现的统一理论依旧令我困扰,这个问题在未来还将被继续研究下去。

我将这些所呈效果分为四类,并发现承受哪种效果很大程度上取决于阅读者的心智。若这种说法令人迷惑,我希望合适的二分法能够将其讲解清楚。

第一类:门外汉

在一个对上古卷轴的历史或特性没有任何了解的人手中,卷轴本身无法产生任何效果,不会描述预言,从中也得不到任何知识。卷轴既不会把知识传授给不知情者,也不会对他们造成任何形式的伤害。一眼看去,卷轴上充斥着古怪的字母与符号。那些懂得星象学的人经常宣称从样式与链接中能够辨识出星座,但从这项推论无法深入调查下去,因为这一类研究的根本特性在于必须研究无知的对象。

第二类:没有防护的学者

正是这第二类对象体会到了尝试阅读卷轴所带来的最大危险。这些对象对上古卷轴的特性有所了解,也有足够的知识阅读卷轴上描述的内容。但是他们并没有受过足够的训练,无法避开对无限一瞥所带来的破坏心智的效果。这些不幸的灵魂立刻被这种效果击中,不可逆转地彻底失明。这就是超出个人能力所要付出的代价。尽管如此,需要提及的则是与失明同时而来的也有一小块隐秘知识的碎片——究竟是未来,是过去,还是某种存在的深刻本质因人而异,也同他们在更大领域内的位置有关。但他们确实获得了知识。

第三类:经调和的理解者

单在泰姆瑞尔,似乎只有先祖圣蛾教团发现了为在阅读卷轴时恰当保护个人心智所必需的训练。他们的新入教者必须经受最严格的精神培训,在获得阅读第一卷上古卷轴的资格前通常要在修道院中呆上至少十年。僧侣们表示这是为新入教者自身的安全考虑,毕竟他们一定已经见证了在教内更为急切的成员中有多少变成了没有防护的学者。拥有足够的抗性,这些读者虽然最终也会失明,剧烈程度却会比没有防护之人小上许多。他们的视线变得轻微模糊,但依旧能分辨形状和色彩,也足以继续阅读世俗文字。他们从卷轴中获得的知识也更为圆润调和——但要完全理解并表达出所见之事,冥想与深思还是必要步骤。

第四类:已启蒙的理解者

前一类对象与这一类之间存在着连续,而这种连续只存在于先祖圣蛾教团的僧侣身上。随着阅读继续下去,僧侣的失明症状也越来越严重,但获得的知识也越来越多而且更为细节化。当他们在清醒中冥想沉思获得启示时,他们的精神抗性也越发增强。对每一位僧侣而言,次末阅读之日总会到来,这次阅读中上古卷轴传授给僧侣的唯一知识就是:他的下一次阅读将是他的最后一次。

对不同的僧侣而言,次末阅读到来的时间都有不同,而且究竟是何时并没有定论——初步工作是为了预测失明时间,每一位僧侣的失明严重程度都被绘入了图表,但所有进入后期阶段的人都报告说随着阅读次数的增加,他们的失明症状反而有所缓解。有些人提出如下观点,即实际上是一些其他的不可见感觉持续降低着阅读次数的上限,但我把这个猜想留给哲学家们讨论。

为了准备自己的终末阅读,僧侣通常退入隐居生活,以回想一生获得的启示,并让自己的心智准备好迎接最后的启示。在进行完这最后一次阅读之后,他就像那些冲向知识却没有防护之人一样永远失明了。但是已启蒙者保存了他一生的理解,对那些展现给他的知识也有着更完整的观点。

我希望对那些想要加深对上古卷轴凡间理解的人来讲,这份记录能够有些用处。圣蛾牧师对这些事宜依旧态度冷淡,他们将随着阅读而逐渐衰弱的视力视为一种荣耀。希望这份报告能为那些想要从事这项研究的人提供一个有用的起始点。

=====

安斯提努斯·麦钦(Anstius Metchim)口述,于第二纪元第126年的末种月第4日

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Effects of the Elder Scrolls
by Justinius Poluhnius
A thesis on the four different types of readers of the Elder Scrolls


It is widely known among scholars that the Elder Scrolls entail a certain hazard in their very reading. The mechanism of the effects has, at present, been largely unknown -- theories of hidden knowledge and divine retribution were the subject of idle speculation with little investigation.
I, Justinius Poluhnius, have undertaken to thoroughly document the ailments afflicted by the Elder Scrolls on their readers, though a unified theory of how they manifest continues to elude me and remains a subject for future study.
I have grouped the effects into four, finding that the avenue of experience depends largely upon the mind of the reader. If this is unclear, I hope that a proper dichotomy will lay it plain.

Group the First: The Naifs
For one who has received no training in the history or nature of the Elder Scrolls, the scroll itself is, effectively, inert. No prophecy can be scried nor knowledge obtained. While the scroll will not impart learning to the uninformed, nor will it afflict them in any adverse fashion. Visually, the scroll will appear to be awash in odd lettering and symbols. Those who know theirastronomy often claim to recognize constellations in the patterns and connections, but such conjecture is impossible to further investigate since the very nature of this study necessitates unlearned subjects.

Group the Second: The Unguarded Intellects
It is this second group that realizes the greatest danger from attempting to read the scrolls. These are subjects who have an understanding of the nature of the Elder Scrolls and possess sufficient knowledge to actually read what is inscribed there. They have not, however, developed adequate discipline to stave off the mind-shattering effect of having a glimpse of infinity. These unfortunate souls are struck immediately, irrevocably, and completely blind. Such is the price for overreaching one's faculties. It bears mentioning, though, that with the blindness also comes a fragment of that hidden knowledge -- whether the future, the past, or the deep natures of being is dependent on the individual and their place in the greater spheres. But the knowledge does come.

Group the Third: Mediated Understanding
Alone in Tamriel, it would appear that only the Cult of the Ancestor Moth has discovered the discipline to properly guard one's mind when reading the scrolls. Their novitiates must undergo the most rigorous mental cultivation, and they often spend a decade or more at the monastery before being allowed to read their first Elder Scroll. The monks say this is for the initiates' own protection, as they must have witnessed many Unguarded Intellects among their more eager ranks. With appropriate fortitude, these readers also receive blindness, though at a far lesser magnitude than the Unguarded. Their vision fogs slightly, but they retain shape, color, and enough acuity to continue to read mundane texts. The knowledge they gain from the scroll is also tempered somewhat -- it requires stages of meditation and reflection to fully appreciate and express what one saw.

Group the Fourth: Illuminated Understanding
Between the previous group and this one exists a continuum that has, at present, only been traversed by the monks of the Ancestor Moth. With continued readings the monks become gradually more and more blind, but receive greater and more detailed knowledge. As they spend their waking hours pondering the revelations, they also receive a further degree of mental fortitude. There is, for every monk, a day of Penultimate Reading, when the only knowledge the Elder Scroll imparts is that the monk's next reading shall be his last.
For each monk the Penultimate Reading comes at a different and unknowable time -- preliminary work has been done to predict the occurrence by charting the severity of an individual monk's blindness, but all who reach these later stages report that the increasing blindness seems to taper with increased readings. Some pose the notion that some other, unseen, sense is, in fact, continuing to diminish at this upper range, but I shall leave such postulations to philosophers.
To prepare for his Ultimate Reading, a monk typically withdraws to seclusion in order to reflect upon a lifetime of revelations and appoint his mind for reception of his last. Upon this final reading, he is forever blinded as sure as those Unguarded ones who raced to knowledge. The Illuminated one, though, has retained his understanding over a lifetime and typically possesses a more integral notion of what has been revealed to him.
It is hoped that this catalog will prove useful to those who wish to further our mortal understanding of the Elder Scrolls. The Moth priests remain aloof about these matters, taking the gradual debilitation that comes with reading as a point of pride. May this serve as a useful starting point for those hoping to take up such study.

Dictated to Anstius Metchim, 4th of Last Seed in the 126th year of the Second Era

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