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【书籍搬运】Wayrest, Jewel of the Bay Wayrest,海湾地区的一颗明珠

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英文名:Wayrest, Jewel of the Bay
作者:Sathyr Longleat
原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Tamriel:Wayrest%2C_Jewel_Of_The_Bay
翻译:yahoocom

Wayrest是Tamriel大陆西部最繁荣的城市之一:它现在的美丽和过去的光辉使得它在此地区闪着耀眼的光芒.它存在的价值远高于其它的High Rock城市——-没有一座城市能够持续为布莱顿文化作出如此巨大的贡献.Wayrest的天才子民们的灵魂一直在街头巷尾游荡;你可以在三角状的屋顶上,林荫大道上,带有馨香的的市场里见到他们的身影.Wayrest的居民非常欣赏他们的过去,但他们并没有像Daggerfall的居民那样沉迷于此.当你来到Wayrest的时候你会发现这是一座现代的城市,但城市的上空的魔法使得这座城市只有32个世纪的文明.

历史学家很难确认到底是几几年建立的Wayrest.一些人类的定居点在Bjoulsae河流域地区被发现,这些定居点可能起源于第一纪元的800年左右.Wayrest的商人和渔民们被一些敌对势力所包围:兽人的首都Orsinium的势力像毒芦苇那样,开始向北方蔓延;Akaviri的海盗和土匪则聚居在西边的海岛上.当然,Wayrest这个名字对人们来说并不神秘,在战斗过后人们都要经过Iliac海湾的东部地区,在这个位于Bjoulsae河流域的,名叫Wayrest的小渔村中歇脚.

在Skyrim帝国占领Wayrest的期间并没有人口普查的记载.在Daggerfall的历史文档中,有一封JoilE国王写给Order of Diagna的Gaiden Shinji的信件,里面有这样的一句话:“兽人一直以来都在危害着Wayrest的居民并且阻塞了通往中央地带的交通枢纽.”这封信的日期为第一纪元 948年.

Wayrest真正开始闪光是在兽人首都Orsinium被摧毁以后,那一年是1纪元980年.那时,商人们组成了一种叫作"Masconian"贸易的方式以降低被海盗袭击的机率.就在这个时期,Wayrest已经完全占据了Bjoulsae河流域的两岸.一个成功的商人家族,Gardner家族在河的 High Rock一边建造了一座带有围墙的宫殿,他们允许银行和一些商人进入围墙.这时Gardner家族的一位成员:Farangel宣布成为了Wayrest 的国王并且接受了来自Camorian帝国的使节,并在第一纪元的1100年受到了邦国的称号.

尽管Wayrest已经成为了一个国家,并在一个家族的统治之下.但是商人们在Wayrest继续行使他们那强大的权利.许多经济学家都认为 Wayrest之所以能够在这么长的时期一之保持着那良好的经济状况,除了和他们艰苦的作风有关外,王室和商人间密不可分的枢纽带也是不可忽略的重要因素.后来,Gardner家族的王朝消亡了,接下来是Cumberland王朝的诞生;Cumberland王朝之后则是Horley王朝.最后,在第三纪元Septim的王朝来临了.在Wayrest的历史中,在相继统治过Wayrest的家族中,没有一个国王因为暴动而下台,没有一个国王遭到过谋杀 (除了那些来自Septim家族的).Wayrest的每一个国王都可以追溯到他们在王子时期的商业背景.因此商人们和国王互相尊重,王室和商人之间紧密的枢纽使得双方都能够从中获益.

如果你愿意你可以走到Wayrest的著名的林荫大道上,你就能亲眼见到这种王室与商人间独特的联盟关系.从北向南走的话,Wayrest的林荫大道会突然分成两道:一条道向西而另一条则向东.每条道的尽头都是一个相同大小的广场:一个在Wayrest城堡(Aphren Gardner建立的最早宫殿);另一个则是Cumberland广场,在这里有Wayrest最丰富而且最古老的市场.从这里我们也可以看出:国王和商人的利益是对等的.

Wayrest城邦在枯萎病,瘟疫,海盗袭击,干旱,外族入侵和战争等众多不利因素下生存了下来并且城邦的人们还带有幽默乐观和务实的生活作风.在第一纪元的2702年,整个城市的人口被迫迁移到Gardners家族建立的围墙之内以抵御海盗,Akaviri部队以及Thrassian瘟疫的入侵.在那里资源非常匮乏但Wayrest的人民却一代接着一代的给Tamriel大陆带来了财富

新手注释:
Wayrest————————-HIGH ROCK行省的一个邦国,以商业而文明.它的名字"Wayrest"的意思是WAY REST..也就是给旅人停下歇脚的意思,最初只是一个小渔村..

Gaiden Shinji——————Order of Diagna的成员,帝国王都竞技场的创始人..在攻占兽人首都Orsinium的战斗中死去…

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Wayrest, Jewel of the Bay
by Sathyr Longleat
A history of the city Wayrest


Note: A similar but not identical version of this book, Wayrest, Jewel of the Bay, appears in Elder Scrolls Online.

Wayrest is one of the most glorious cities of western Tamriel: sparkling in her contemporary beauty, lustrous by her past. She is prized above all cities in High Rock -- no other city has contributed, and continues to contribute so much to the culture of the Bretons. The spirits of her genius children continue to haunt the streets; you can see them in the gabled roofs, grand boulevards, aromatic marketplaces. The people of Wayrest have an instictive [sic] appreciation of their past, but are not obsessed by it, as the people of Daggerfall seem to be. One feels that one is in a modern city when one visits Wayrest, but there is a magic in the air that could only come from thirty-two centuries of civilization.
It is difficult for historians to declare a certain date for the foundation of Wayrest. A settlement of some variety had been existence where the Bjoulsae River feeds the Iliac Bay possibly since the 800th year of the First Era. The traders and fishermen of Wayrest were surrounded by hostile parties: the orc capitol Orsinium had grown like a poison weed to the north, and theAkaviri pirates and raiders crowded the islands to the west. There is no mystery to Wayrest's name. After the fighting most travellers had to endure passing through the eastern end of the Iliac Bay, the little fishing village on the Bjoulsae was a welcome rest.
Nowhere in the much vaunted censuses of the Skyrim Occupation is Wayrest mentioned. In the Annals of Daggerfall, King Joile's letter to Gaiden Shinji of the Order of Diagna contains the following reference: "The orcs have been much plaguing the Wayresters and impeding traffic to the heart of the land." The date given for the letter was 1E 948.
Wayrest only truly bloomed after the razing of Orsinium in 1E 980. The hard-working traders and merchants were instrumental in forming the Masconian Trade Way and thus reducing the pirate activity on the Bay. At this time, Wayrest occupied both banks of the Bjoulsae. A successful mercantile family, the Gardners, built a walled palace on the High Rock side of the river and, over time, allowed banks and other businesses within its walls. It was a Gardner, Farangel, who was proclaimed king when Wayrest accepted ambassadors from the Camorian Empire, and was granted the right to call itself a kingdom in the 1100th year of the 1st Era.
Although Wayrest became a kingdom under the command of one family, the merchants continued to wield incredible power. Many economists have alleged that Wayrest's eternal wealth, despite all her hardships, comes from this rare relationship between the merchants and the crown. The Gardner Dynasty fell, followed by the Cumberland Dynasty, which was followed by the Horley Dynasty, and finally, in the Third Era, the Septim Dynasty. No citizen of another kingdom of comparable age can, with one hand, name all the families who have ever ruled. Never has a king of Wayrest been deposed by revolution or assassination. Except for those of the Septim family, every king of Wayrest can trace his line back to a merchant prince of Wayrest. The merchants and king respect one another, and this relationship strengthens both.
One need only walk down the great boulevard of Wayrest to see physical proof of this unique alliance. Going north to south, Wayrest Boulevard suddenly divides, one half going west and the other going east. Both halfs end in identical squares: one at Castle Wayrest, the original palace of Aphren Gardner, and the other at Cumberland Square, where the oldest and wealthiest marketplace in Wayrest. The message here is clear: the king and the merchants are joined and equal.
Wayrest has survived blights, droughts, plagues, piracy, invasions, and war with good humor and practicality. In 1E 2702, the entire population of the city was forced to move into the walled estate of the Gardners as protection against the pirates, Akaviri raiders, and Thrassian plague. A less resourceful community would have withered, but the Wayresters have survived to enrich Tamriel generation after generation.

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