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【书籍搬运】Vivec and Mephala Vivec和Mephala

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英文名:Vivec and Mephala
原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Tamriel:Vivec_and_Mephala
翻译:yahoocom

谁是ALMSIVI?
晨风是一个神圣的国度,那里的神灵具有人性特征.总的来说,那些神灵被合称审判席,三位一体的ALMSIVI,这三个神也是黑精灵美德的例证. Almalexia代表着仁慈,Vivec代表着掌握,Sotha Sil则代表着神秘.Vivec是他们当中最受欢迎的一位,也是最受公众注目的一位;在还是凡人的时候,作为一个战斗诗人他就被人们所爱戴,美丽和血腥一起很荒谬地结合到了他的身上.Vivec同时具有艺术色彩的暴力性.在神庙的经文里和礼拜仪式上他代表着晨风地区的几位神灵国王之一.他守卫着神圣的 Velothi次大陆—-Vvardenfell岛并看守着红色山脉,那扇通向地狱的大门.他是神圣的审判席中的一部分,新神庙的神灵.他也代表着 ALMSIVI那神圣和正直的一面.

这段对Vivec这位"神之国王守卫者"和"战斗诗人"清楚地叙述可以让大陆西部的读者们更容易接受和熟悉.但是黑精灵们都认为Vivec是在被 daedra王子预知后经过超脱凡间的变化而成神的,回忆起这点很重要;那个预知他未来的daedra王子就是被称为"黑手"的Mephala,她是早期北地精灵心目中的奠基人物.Vivec那黑暗的一面并没有在大众文学和礼拜仪式上出现过,但每个黑精灵处于本能都接受了这个事实并认为黑暗性是Vivec 神性一面的主要组成部分.如果想要更深入和完整地了解Vivec身上那复杂的本性的话,我们就要先要了解他的预知者——-Mephala的本性以及那个daedra王子的方式和动机所表现出来的阴暗主题.
谁是Mephala?
在神庙的这三位领袖中,每一个都被相应的预知者在北地精灵早期文化开始时预知.这些预知者们被大陆西方的人们认为是邪恶的Daedra王子,他们分别是Azura, Boethiah和Mephala.在审判席神庙的神学论中Azura是"Almsivi的法师之王"Sotha Sil的预知者;Boethiah是"Almsiv之母和女士"Almalexia的预知者;Mephala则是Vivec的预知者.依据传说,在这三位 Daedra王子的指引下一群对当时状况不满意的高精灵部族把自己转变成了另一种精灵并找到了另一块新的大陆.当时,阴谋王子Boethiah提供了变革性的方法,这样精灵们就可以转变成另一种形态;而Mephala则在暗中实施了这些方法.

对于大陆西部的人来说,Mephala是一个集中了谋杀,性以及各种秘密等特点于一身的恶魔.这些特点都包含了难于捉摸的方面和互相矛盾的方面(暗杀/种族屠杀,求爱/放荡,机智/诗歌的原理);Mephala被理解成包含了这些矛盾因素并使它们荒谬地成为了一体.而所有这些难以捉摸的潜在因素以及矛盾因素都被体现在了黑精灵概念中的Vivec身上,即使神庙的教义也不能清楚地形容和解释这些. 当然,黑精灵们是不会把Vivec神想象成一个拥有谋杀,性及各种秘密等诸多特性的生物.他们宁愿把Vivec当成一个仁慈的国王,守护战士,诗人.但在同时,他们也在不知不觉中接受了Vivec的仁慈外表底下隐藏着的黑暗特点. 例如,一个长久以来一直引人关注的谜团一直围绕着Vivec.关于这个谜团的故事就是Vivec和其他二位审判席领袖阴谋策划了谋杀Nerevar首领的行动,Nerevar是黑精灵历史上最伟大的英雄和将军.这个故事源自于灰原之民(Ashlander)的口头传说,但当它和审判席所记载的事实相冲突时它就显得非常无力.虽然如此,这个传说还是在黑精灵们的脑海中扎下了根,好比有人会这么说,“Vivec当然不会参与谋杀Nerevar首领了,但是这件事已经过了那么久了….谁还知道事情的真相呢?” 在公众的眼里Vivec有着和蔼的,敏感的,富于同情心的一面并保护他的追随者们.而在同时,黑精灵对隐藏在Vivec内心那股由暴力,欲望,阴谋组成的黑暗部分却有着不理性地认同;这些黑暗面的组成部分也结合了来自预知者的更原始,更残忍的推动力.
注释:
ALMSIVI——————审判席,为Tribunal或是Almsivi,为晨风地区的最高宗教机构.由VIVEC,Sotha Sil以及Almalexia这三神所组成.这三神在1纪元时期是北地精灵领袖Nerevar手下的将领,关于他们成神以及Nerevar之死可以参照" 红色山脉会战"一文.

Vvardenfel——-位于晨风大陆北面,上古卷轴3的发生地点.

Mephala——————-15个daedra王子之一,又称蜘蛛女神,她的爱好是介入人世间的各种事端.在北地精灵到达晨风的早期她帮助他们建立了第一个杀手组织——莫拉格帮.

Boethiah——————15个daedra王子之一,他代表了欺骗及阴谋。

Azura————————15个daedra王子之一,她代表了黄昏及黎明.

Nerevar——————-尼瑞瓦,北地精灵曾经的领袖,Indoril家族的创始人.他带领北地精灵与晨风地区的矮人一族联合并赶走了入侵的诺德人,之后他得到矮人想要汲取红色山脉地区的创世神洛克汗的心脏力量并成为神族的消息.为了阻止矮人的计划,他与矮人一族激战并在战斗中死去..在此战后矮人一族也神秘的全体消失.而VIVEC,Sotha Sil以及Almalexia则趁机用矮人工具得到了洛克汗心脏的力量并成为神,之后他们建立了审判席的神庙系统,管理着晨风大陆.而Daedra公主Azura这时也出现并指责他们三人的行为,为了以示惩戒,Azura把所有的北地精灵都变成了黑精灵.

Vivec—————审判席三神之一,主要管理Vvardenfel岛,居住在Vvardenfel岛上的第一大城VIVEC(维瓦克).

Almalexia———审判席三神之首,居住在晨风大陆的首都—MOURNHOLD.

Sotha Sil——————审判席三神之一,居住在他自己的黄铜城中.

灰原之民(Ashlander)—————-那些不愿接受家族文化而保留古老部落文化的黑精灵部族

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Vivec and Mephala
Informational book about ALMSIVI and Mephala


Who is ALMSIVI?
Morrowind is holy country, and its gods are flesh and blood. Collectively, these gods are called the Tribunal, the triune ALMSIVI, three deities exemplifying Dunmeri virtues.Almalexia is Mercy, Vivec is Mastery, and Sotha Sil is Mystery. Vivec is easily the most popular of them all. Vivec is also the most public, for he is the beloved Warrior-Poet of the True People, paradoxically beautiful and bloody. Vivec is an artistic violence. Vivec is represented in Templeliterature and liturgy as one of the divine kings of Morrowind. He guards the sacred Velothisubcontinent of Vvardenfell, and stands guard over Red Mountain, the gate to hell. He is part of the holy Tribunal, a god of the New Temple, and an aspect of the blessed and righteous ALMSIVI.
This explicit presentation of Vivec the Guardian God-King and Warrior-Poet is the one most accessible and familiar to Westerners. However, it is important to remember that Vivec is also known to the Dunmer as the transcendent evolution of the daedra that anticipated him, Black HandsMephala, a foundation figure of the earliest Chimer. This darker side of Vivec does not appear in the popular literature and liturgy, but is instinctively understood and accepted by the Dunmer as an integral part of Vivec's divine aspect. A more complete appreciation of the complex nature of Vivec requires an understanding of the nature of Vivec's Anticipation, Mephala, and the darker themes represented by this Daedra Lord's modes and motivations.
Who is Mephala?
Each of the three Tribunes of the Temple were represented in the dawn of Chimeri culture by their Anticipations. These Anticipations are known to the West as the sinister Daedra Lords Azura,Boethiah, and Mephala. In Temple theology, however, Azura is the Anticipation of Sotha Sil, the Mage-Lord of Almsivi. Boethiah is the Anticipation of Almalexia, Almsivi's Mother and Lady. Mephala is the Anticipation of Vivec. According to legend, under the guidance of these three Daedra Lords, a discontented throng of Altmer transformed themselves into a new people and founded a new land. And while Boethiah, the so-called Prince of Plots, provided the revolutionary methods needed to bring about this transformation, Mephala was the shadowy implementer of those methods.
As known in the West, Mephala is the demon of murder, sex, and secrets. All of these themes contain subtle aspects and violent ones (assassination/genocide, courtship/orgy, tact/poetic truths); Mephala is understood paradoxically to contain and integrate these contradictory themes. And all these subtle undercurrents and contradictions are present in the Dunmer concepts of Vivec, even if they are not explicitly described and explained in Temple doctrine.
The Dunmer do not envision Lord Vivec as a creature of murder, sex, and secrets. Rather, they conceive of Lord Vivec as benevolent king, guardian warrior, poet-artist. But, at the same time, unconsciously, they accept the notion of darker, hidden currents beneath Vivec's benevolent aspects.
For example, one of the most striking persistent myths associated with Vivec is the story that Vivec conspired with his co-rulers Almalexia and Sotha Sil in the murder of Lord Nerevar, the greatest of Dunmer heroes and generals. The story is derived from Ashlander oral tradition, and is flatly contradicted by all Temple traditions. Nonetheless, the tale is firmly established in the Dunmer imagination, as if to say, "Of course Vivec would never have conspired to murder Lord Nerevar, but it happened so long ago... who can know the truth?"
The public face of Vivec is benign, sensitive, compassionate, and protective of his followers. At the same time, the Dunmer seem irrationally comfortable with the hidden aspects of Vivec, the darker components of violence, lust, and conspiracy associated with the more primitive and ruthless impulses of the Anticipations.

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