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【书籍搬运】Legal Basics 基本法规

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英文名:Legal Basics
作者:Anchivius, M.Z.F.
原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Lore:Legal_Basics
翻译:yahoocom

漠视法律将得不到应有的保护.预先警告:以下是Tamriel大陆最常用的法令和规章.你所在的行省或者公国也许有自己独特的法律.做为一个帝国的公民,懂得以下法规是你应有的权利和义务.

强行侵入

这项法令包括了(但不仅仅包括)打开,破坏,烧毁,魔法传送,或者用其它任何方法试图通过在魔法或者常规状态下锁住的,限制外人进出的门,窗,各种入口. 这种进入别人房子,公司或者特定的场所的行为将会视作非法行为.对这种行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).罚款和禁闭,或者兼有,或者兼无,它们对于这种非法侵入的行为是比较轻的处罚.试图强行侵入的犯罪行为定义为任何被人察觉的企图(可能成功或者失败,也可能被人觉察到成功或者失败)打开,破坏,烧毁,魔法传送,或者用其它任何方法试图通过魔法或者常规状态下锁住的,限制外人进出的门,窗,各种入口.这种进入别人房子,公司或者特定的场所的行为(可能成功或者失败,也可能被人觉察到成功或者失败)将会视作犯罪行为.

非法侵入

包括了利用步行,飞行,骑乘,传送,飘浮或者利用其它任何方法进入一处有产权的场所并且没有产权所有者纸面上或者口头的批准(这批准可能来自某位合适的人物).对于这种行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

伤害

任何恐吓或者企图(可能成功也可能失败)对他人造成肉体上,精神上,意志上的伤害或者使用魔法攻击他人的行为.这里他人可以指单人,也可以指一个群体,或者是一个有实体并且具备感知力的人物.对于这种犯罪行为通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

谋杀

任何有预谋的或是动机邪恶的,也可能是有预谋和动机邪恶二者兼有(又或者是被人指认为有预谋的或是动机邪恶的,也可能是有预谋和动机邪恶二者兼有),又或是意外的有犯罪倾向的动作(或是被人指认为有犯罪倾向的)致使他人死亡(或者是间接导致他人死亡).这里他人可以指单人,也可以指一个群体,或者是一个有实体并且具备感知力的人物.对于这种犯罪行为的处罚通常是款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

犯罪阴谋

任何会面,交谈或是集会透露出了(或是被人指认为有犯罪动机的)对他人的犯罪,或是间接对他人的犯罪.对于这种犯罪行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

流浪

任何闲散,无秩序状态,乞讨或是无职业的,无金钱的,无家的(可能是职业,金钱和家(三者兼无);也可能是无职业;无金钱和家;无职业,无家;无职业,无金钱),或是被认定为闲散,无秩序状态,乞讨或是无职业的.处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

走私

任何带入,拿走,传送或是间接导致带入,拿走,传送一件被认定为非法的物品或是运送一件合法物品,但没有交出口或者是进口税.对于这种行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之);还可能会包括没收这些物品,或是对罪犯执行死刑或是流放(不是必须的).

叛国罪

任何行为(直接或是间接的,或者是任何还没付诸实施的计划,可能是直接或是间接地导致这种情况的出现)对封地上的统治者或是封臣,导致(或是被人指认将会发生的)对方在精神,肉体,意志上的伤害或是利用魔法伤害到对方.对于这种行为的处罚通常是死刑.

扒窃

任何盗窃或是在没有别人许可(包括纸面许可和口头许可)的情况下拿取他人的一样物品或是多样物品.这里他人可以指单人,也可以指一个群体,或者是一个有实体并且具备感知力的人物.对于这种行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

偷盗(有时被称为盗窃罪)

任何盗窃或是在没有别人许可(包括纸面许可和口头许可)的情况下在别人的住所,公司或是别人合法拥有的场所内拿取他人的一样物品或是多样物品.这里他人可以指单人,也可以指一个群体,或者是一个有实体并且具备感知力的人物.对于这种行为的处罚通常是罚款或者禁闭,也可能是罚款和禁闭(二者兼有之).

以上这些就是法律专家们(例如我)日常所运用的最普通的法规定义.但是这些法规的定义和处罚却可以随着不同的地区和不同的情况所变动.在帝都,每个人都可以有合法的辩护律师(比如我);但在有些行省就可能没有如此健全的法律系统.也许随着时间的推移这种情况会有所改变吧.我们都希望这样.

最后的注释:
Tamriel帝国的法律系统的基础是建立在一项文明的,合理的信条上.这项信条是先知Marukh在第一纪元所发表的,在信条中他这样说:“在人们证明自己是清白之前,每个人都是有罪的.”

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Legal Basics
by Anchivius, M.Z.F.
A summary of common crimes and their punishments


Ignorance of the law is no defense. Be forewarned that the following are but the most universal of Tamrielan laws and regulations. Your own local province or principality may have unique laws of its own. As a citizen of Empire, it is your right and responsibility to know and follow these laws of the land.

Breaking and Entering:
This refers to any act including, but not limited to opening, breaking, incinerating, magically transporting, or in any way causing a door, window, or other portal that has been magically or mundanely locked or which a reasonable person would assume to be so restricted to be passable, and the act (though the act is not required for the definition) of entering the house, business, or public location through said defined portal. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.
The fine and incarceration, or both, or neither, may be less in a crime of Attempted Breaking and Entering. A crime of Attempted Breaking and Entering is defined as an any act that a reasonable person would perceive as the preparation for, an attempt (whether successful or not, or perceived to be possibly successful or not) to bring about the opening, breaking, incinerating, magically transporting, or in any way causing a door, window, or other portal that has been magically or mundanely locked or which a reasonable person would assume to be so restricted to be passable, and the act (though the act is not required for the definition) of preparing or attempting (whether successful or not, perceived to be possibly successful or not) entering the house, business, or public location through said defined portal.

Trespassing:
This refers to walking, flying, riding, teleporting, floating, or in any way moving or existing on a property without the explicit written or spoken permission (or permission a reasonable person might infer) of the owner or caretaker of the property. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Assault:
Any threat or attempt (whether successful or not) to do physical, emotional, mental, or magical harm or injury to another person, group of persons, or entity a reasonable person might assume to be sentient. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Murder:
Any act of premeditated or malicious or premeditated and malicious (or an act that a reasonable person would call premeditated and malicious or premeditated or malicious) or accidental but criminally intended (or what a reasonable person would call criminally intended) purpose that results directly in the death (or destruction with implied death) of a person, group of persons, or entity a reasonable person might assume to be sentient. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Criminal Conspiracy:
Any meeting, communication, or encounter with the purpose (or which a reasonable person might assume had the purpose) of preparing or arranging a crime of any kind (or crimes of any kind) to be commited or caused to be commited. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Vagrancy:
Any act of idleness, disorder, begging, or conduct unbecoming a person with occupation, gold, or a home, (or occupation, gold, and a home, or occupation or gold and home, or occupation and gold or home, or occupation and home or gold), or what a reasonable person would consider idle, disorderly, beggarly, or unbecoming. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Smuggling:
Any act of bringing in, taking out, teleporting, or causing to be brought in, taken out, or teleported an object considered illegal or, if not illegal, requiring an import or export tax which is not paid. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration, and will include confiscation of the offensive or illegal object. It may also include, but not be restricted to, execution or banishment, or execution and banishment.

High Treason:
Any act against (whether directly or indirectly, or any nonaction which results in circumstances, directly or indirectly, against) a allegiated sovereign or by a vassal to a liege, resulting (or what a reasonable person would assume would result) in physical, emotional, mental, or magical harm or injury in said sovereign or liege. The punishment for this crime will be death.

Pickpocketing:
Any act of stealing, taking, or, without explicit written or verbal permission (or what a reasonable person would infer as implied permission) an item or items a person, group of persons, or entity a reasonable person might assume to be sentient has on his, her, its, or their own person. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.

Theft (sometimes called Larceny):
Any act of stealing, taking, or, without explicit written or verbal permission (or what a reasonable person would infer as implied permission) an item or items from a person, group of persons, or entity a reasonable person might assume to be sentient's place of residence, business, person, or other location a reasonable person would assume is secured from looting. The punishment for this crime may include a fine or incarceration, or a fine and incarceration.
These are the usual, day-to-day definitions used by legal experts (like myself), but both the definitions and punishments may fluctuate wildly according to location and situation. In the Imperial City, legal counsel is available by persons like myself, but the provinces have no such system in place. Perhaps that will change in time. We can all hope so.
As a final note: the Tamriel legal system has its basis in the civilized, reasonable credo uttered by the prophet Marukh in the first era: "All are guilty until they have proven themselves innocent." Were truer word ever spoke?

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