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【书籍搬运】Etiquette With Rulers 统治者的规则

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英文名:Etiquette With Rulers
作者:Erystera Ligen
原文:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Daggerfall:Etiquette_With_Rulers
翻译:yahoocom

由于有各种复杂的法规和很大的风险,所以许多人在去见一个有名号的贵族前都会犹豫很久.对于那些第一次晋见贵族的人来说,正确地说出贵族的头衔是很重要的,因为没有人愿意自己的名号被别人混淆.但在High Rock行省内,各个地方的贵族的传统习惯都有细微的差别.但基本法规还是一样的,这些基本法规如下:

在High Rock行省目前存在着八个国家,它们分别是:Northpoint,Daggerfall,Shornhelm,Camlorn,Farrun, Evermore,Wayrest和Jehanna.如果一个女人统治着其中的一个国家,那么她就被称作女王.但女王的丈夫或是国王的妻子却不能与国王或是女王等同起来,因为他们自己有可能就不是国王或是女王.他们之间的儿女被称为王子或者是公主,他们的孙儿们也是王子,公主.如果一个男性统治者死亡而且当时没有王太后存在的话那他的妻子就可以被授予"王太后"的名号.和其它的各种法规一样这个法令也有例外.第一个例外就是在Daggerfall王国产生的,当时国王Lysandus刚好死去,在法规中他的妻子是不能拥有王太后这个名号的,因为当时Lysandus的母亲,王太后Nulfaga仍然活着. 但在那时的Daggerfall王国这两个人却同时拥有了这个名号.Nulfaga和国王的妻子Mynisera同时被称作"王太后".

如果一个女性统治者,在生前她没有让她的丈夫拥有国王的头衔,那么她死后她的丈夫就没有类似"王太公"之类的名号.女性统治者的丈夫在妻子死后通常有着另外一种名号,这些名号通常来自他们的家庭或是他们的孩子.在High Rock历史上有一些男性在身为女王的妻子死亡后却没有拿到国王的名号,他们一般被别人称作先生.

除了这些王国外,High Rock的其它一些地区则由一些公爵(女公爵),侯爵(女侯爵),城主(女城主),伯爵(女伯爵),子爵(女子爵)男爵(女男爵),领主(女领主)来统治.一般低层的统治者都是由高层的统治者来任命的.但是有一些特别重要的人物却不受这些限制,Dwynnen领地中的男爵就是一个很好的例子.他虽然是男爵但在他的领地上他却不受那些公爵或是伯爵的限制.

一般来说,贵族家庭中最年长的子女在家庭中的阶层仅比他们的父母低.比如说Northmoor的公爵,他同时也是Calder的子爵,那他最年长的女儿就可以成为Calder的女子爵.

国王和女王都被人称作"尊敬的陛下";而公爵或是女公爵则被人称作"尊敬的殿下".其他的一些统治者的称呼则和他们的名字挂勾,例如某某领主或是某某女士.

我们靠一些线索就可以判断是谁在统治这个地区.你可以从街上行人的口中获知该领主的信息,但是光靠这点还是不够的.如果你听到关于Bemmish领主或是 Viscountess Byrd的流言,那么他们两个都可能不是该地的统治者也有可能他们两人都是.我现在找到了一种能更准确获取信息的方法就是注意当地一些旅店和商店的名称. 依照传统惯例,许多这些地方都被称作"公爵的狐狸"或者是"女士的供应".通常都会用到该统治者的名字.如果这个商店的名称叫做"Annisa女士的供应 "或是"Boxworth领主的狐狸,"那么这应该是当地有名望商人的名字而不是当地领主的.一个商店以一个没有名字的领主的名号起名的话,这个领主一般是该领地的旧统治者而不是新统治者.

要和一个人说话,不管他是不是一个统治者,首先是要了解他(她)是个什么样的人.统治者们一般都喜欢站在庆典上,而且他们喜欢别人和他们谈话的时候都要表现出礼貌和尊敬的态度.当然有一些新来的年轻的统治者,他们则喜欢别人用一些大胆和随意的语句和他们交谈.如果你不能确定那个领主的谈话方式或是你对自己选择贵族的词汇还是平民的词汇犹豫不决时,你可以使用一些简单而又直接的表达方式和他们交谈.简单的语句一般不会吸引人但也不会犯错误.我想要告诉你的是,如果你惹怒一个领主,那么这将会是你一生中犯的最后一个错误.

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tiquette With Rulers
by Erystera Ligen
The etiquette of speaking with nobles

Because the rules are so complex and the stakes are so high, many people blanche at the thought of speaking with a noble with a title. For starters, it is important to address them correctly, for just as no one likes to be misnamed, no one likes to be mistitled. The problem is that in High Rock, traditions of the peerage differ slightly from region to region. The base rules follow:
There are eight kingdoms in High Rock in the following regions: Northpoint,DaggerfallShornhelmCamlornFarrunEvermoreWayrest, and Jehanna. If a woman is ruling one of these areas, she is called the Queen. The husband of a Queen and the wife of a King is not necessarily of equal rank -- they may not be Kings and Queens themselves. Their children are Princes and Princesses. Their grandchildren are also Princes and Princesses. If a male ruler dies, his wife takes the title Dowager Queen, providing there is not a Dowager Queen already. Like all rules, there are exceptions. One noted exception took place recently in Daggerfall, when King Lysandus died. In most regions, his wife Mynisera would not have become Dowager Queen of Daggerfall, because Lysandus' mother, the widow Nulfaga, still lived. In Daggerfall, however, it is permissable [sic] for there to be two persons with the same title. Thus, both Nulfaga and Mynisera have the title Dowager Queen.
If a female ruler, who does not share rank with her husband, dies, there is no male equivalent to the word Dowager. Widowers of Queens usually take another title, either a lesser family title or one given by their children. There have been a few men in the history of High Rock who have fallen from being addressed as King to being addressed as Mister at the death of their wife.
Other regions are ruled by Dukes and Duchesses, Marquises (or Marquesses) and Marquises (or Marchionesses), Counts and Countesses, Viscounts or Viscountesses, Barons or Baronesses, and Lords or Ladies. This list is theoretically listed from highest to lowest rank, but the ruler of a territory outranks all other nobles, regardless of title. Dwynnen, for example, is a Barony, and the Baron or Baroness of Dwynnen outrank any other noble in that territory, even Dukes and Counts.
In theory, (again, this may not be the case according to local custom) the eldest son or daughter of a noble takes their parents highest family title below their parents. Thus, the Duke of Northmoor, who is also the Marquis of Calder, had a daughter who became the Marchioness of Calder.
Kings and Queens are always addressed as "Your Majesty" in conversation; Dukes and Duchesses, "Your Grace". All other rulers may be addressed with their title and name, or Lord or Lady and their name.
A few hints may be needed to determine exactly who rules a territory. You may rely on people on the streets to make reference to their ruler, but that may not be enough. After all, if the gossip involved Lord Bemmish and Viscountess Byrd, neither or both could be the ruler of the territoy. I have found that a more predictable method is to pay some attention to the names of taverns and shops in a region. By tradition, many of these are called "The Duke's Fox" or "The Lady's Provisions." This, more often than not, is the name of the ruler. If the shop's name is "Lady Annisa's Provisions" or "Lord Boxworth's Fox," that is probably the name of a local titled merchant, not the ruler. A store with a unnamed ruler's title has probably been around for some time, and does not bother to change its name with the new name of the ruler.
In speaking with any person, a ruler or not, it is best to know what sort of a person they are first. Rulers tend to stand on ceremony, and prefer that people addressing them speak politely and deferentially. There are, of course,acceptions [sic] to this, particularly among younger rulers, or rulers new to their positions. They may prefer a bolder, slangy style. If you are unsure, or unsure of your ability to adopt the vocubulary [sic] of either an aristocrat or a criminal, choose to speak as plainly and directly as possible. You will seldom charm someone by plain talk, but you will also not alienate by mangled politesse or dated slang. Alienating a ruler, I need not tell you, can be the last mistake one can make.

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