跳转到内容
模组网
icedream

【书籍搬运】Marobar Sul and the Trivialization of the Dwemer in Popular Culture 马洛巴·苏尔与流行文化中的锻莫残片

被推荐的帖子

英文书名:Collected Essays on Dwemer History and Culture,Chapter 1
原文出处:http://www.imperial-library.info/content/collected-essays-dwemer-history-and-culture
翻译:lttb

马洛巴·苏尔与流行文化中的锻莫残片
作者:Hasphat Antabolis

早在卡塔瑞厄一世统治时期,马洛巴·苏尔的《锻莫的古老传说》(以下简称《传说》)就已为学术界所知。自那之后,这本书一直都是帝国中产阶级知识分子的主要精神食粮之一,为一代又一代的学生树立起了锻莫的主流形象。这样一部冗长又毫无根据的书何以能攫取大众如此的兴趣,以至于在文人学者的口诛笔伐之下依然屹立不倒呢?

在回答这个问题前,先简要地回顾一下《传说》的由来和历史,将是十分有益的。此书的初版刊印于第二纪670年——正是第一赛瑞迪尔帝国败落、泰伯·赛普丁兴起之时。在一个只认表面价值的时代,从格威里姆大学档案馆里做出的研究,使它最初成了一本严肃的学术作品。(可以想象那些年锻莫研究的可怜状态)。对《传说》的作者我们一无所知,但马洛巴·苏尔很可能是戈尔·菲力姆的一个笔名。此人算是个多产的作家,曾用无数笔名出版了无数那个时代特有的“廉价惊险浪漫文学”。所幸他的绝大多数作品都已经消失在历史中了。仅存的那些,无论在语言上还是在腔调上都和《传说》雷同。(参见:罗弥思,“戈尔·菲力姆《假定的背叛》与马洛巴·苏尔《锻莫的古老传说》的文本比对”)。菲力姆终生居住于赛瑞迪尔,为古老皇城的精英们撰写轻松的娱乐小品。他决定涉猎锻莫的原因仍是个谜,但显然他的“研究”不过是搜集尼本奈谷农民中的传说,然后为其镀上锻莫的外壳。

《传说》在赛瑞迪尔很受欢迎,于是菲力姆继续炮制出更多的续作,直至该系列出到了第七本。当历史的力量将泰伯·赛普丁推到时代的巅峰,并把“腹地”的文学传遍大陆的时候,《锻莫的古老传说(第十七版)》已经牢固地树立了其作为皇城“地方口味”的地位。马洛巴·苏尔的锻莫恰好迎合了人族种族主义浪潮的需要,而这一浪潮延续直至今日。

《传说》中的锻莫仿佛神话中的生物,不过总的说来和我们“差不多”。他们虽然有点古怪,却绝对没有危险性,不会让人害怕。与之相比,红衣卫士传说中的锻莫是个“神秘而强大的种族,能为一己之欲就改变自然的根本规律;虽然消失但可能没有灭绝”。此外,诺德人古老传奇中的锻莫是“可怕的战士,奉行渎神的行为,用该受诅咒的手段将诺德人驱逐出晨风”。马洛巴·苏尔的锻莫更为顺应时代的潮流。这个时代视人类为造物的巅峰,而其他的种族,不是未开化的野蛮人,就是渴望人类监护的下等类人生物。《传说》中的锻莫正是后者。这解释了为何它能长期主导流行的观念。比起真正的锻莫——我们才刚刚开始了解其神秘之处,马洛巴·苏尔的锻莫实在是太友好、太熟悉、太让人舒服了。大众更喜欢这个消失的种族是一副轻巧、平凡的形象。在深入研究锻莫这么多年后,我对大众的这种偏好不禁感到怜悯。在接下来的文章中将要展示的、现代人的眼中的锻莫,是全然不同于人类的非凡一族。

分享此帖子


帖子链接
分享到其他网站

Collected Essays on Dwemer History and Culture

Chapter 1
Marobar Sul and the Trivialization of the Dwemer in Popular Culture
by Hasphat Antabolis
A scholar's review of the Dwemer essays written by Marobar Sul

 

While Marobar Sul's Ancient Tales of the Dwemer was definitively debunked in scholarly circles as early as the reign of Katariah I, it remains one of the staples of the literate middle-classes of the Empire, and has served to set the image of the Dwemer in the popular imagination for generations of schoolchildren. What about this lengthy (but curiously insubstantial) tome has proved so captivating to the public that it has been able to see off both the scorn of the literati and the scathing critiques of the scholars?
Before examing [sic] this question, a brief summary of the provenance and subsequent career of Ancient Tales would be appropriate. First published around 2E670, in the Interregnumbetween the fall of the First Cyrodilic Empire and the rise of Tiber Septim, it was originally presented as a serious, scholarly work based on research in the archives of the University of Gwylim, and in the chaos of that era was taken at face value (a sign of the sad state of Dwemer scholarship in those years). Little is known of the author, but Marobar Sul was most likely a pseudonym of Gor Felim, a prolific writer of "penny dreadful romances" of that era, who is known to have used many other pseudonyms. While most of Felim's other work has, thankfully, been lost to history, what little survives matches Ancient Tales in both language and tone (see Lomis, "Textual Comparison of Gor Felim's A Hypothetical Treachery with Marobar Sul's Ancient Tales of the Dwemer"). Felim lived in Cyrodiil his whole life, writing light entertainments for the elite of the old Imperial capital. Why he decided to turn his hand to the Dwemer is unknown, but it is clear that his "research" consisted of nothing more than collecting the peasants' tales of the Nibenay Valley and recasting them in Dwemer guise.
The book proved popular in Cyrodiil, and Felim continued to churn out more volumes until the series numbered seven in all. Ancient Tales of the Dwemer was thus firmly established as a local favorite in Cyrodiil (already in its 17th printing) when the historical forces that propelled Tiber Septim to prominence also began to spread the literature of the "heartland" across the continent. Marobar Sul's version of the Dwemer was seized upon in a surge of human racial nationalism that has not yet subsided.
The Dwemer appear in these tales as creatures of fable and light fantasy, but in general they are "just like us". They come across as a bit eccentric, perhaps, but certainly there is nothing fearsome or dangerous about them. Compare these to the Dwemer of early Redguard legend: a mysterious, powerful race, capable of bending the very laws of nature to their will; vanished but perhaps not gone. Or the Dwemer portrayed in the most ancient Nord sagas: fearsome warriors, tainted by blasphemous religious practices, who used their profane mechanisms to drive the Nords fromMorrowind. Marobar Sul's Dwemer were much more amenable to the spirit of the time, which saw humans as the pinnacle of creation and the other races as unenlightened barbarians or imperfect, lesser versions of humans eager for tutelage. Ancient Tales falls firmly in the latter camp, which does much to explain its enduring hold on the popular imagination. Marobar Sul's Dwemer are so much more comfortable, so much friendlier, so much more familiar, than the real Dwemer, whose truly mysterious nature we are only beginning to understand. The public prefers the light, trivial version of this vanished race. And from what I have learned in my years of studying the Dwemer, I have some sympathy for that preference. As the following essays will show, the Dwemer were, to our modern eyes, a remarkably unlikeable people in many ways.

分享此帖子


帖子链接
分享到其他网站

创建账户或者登录再讨论

您需要成为会员才能留下讨论

创建账户

在本社区注册新账户。很简单的!

注册为新账户

登录

已有账户?这边登录

马上登录

×
×
  • 新建...