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【书籍搬运】A History of Daggerfall 匕落的历史

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英文名:A History of Daggerfall
作者:Odiva Gallwood
原文出处:http://www.uesp.net/wiki/Tamriel:A_History_of_Daggerfall
翻译:yahoocom

现在我们有足够的考古学证据可以证明早在历史文本记载前的1000年就有一些人类的定居点出现在现在的匕落城邦.而 "匕落"这个名词则出现在第一纪元的246年,指的是现在的首都附近的地区.那时,在骼骨湾地区的北半边,也就是整个高岩行省正被入侵的诺德人占领,随那些诺德人一起被带到高岩行省的则是他们的基本文化.那些诺德人在这个地区执行的第一个"文明"的举措就是人口普查—-在那本被称为《众生之书》书籍的第933页就记载了以下的一段文字:

“在最高的悬崖的北部,众多沼泽的南部,众山西部,大洋东部的地域被称作匕落.110个男人,93个女人,13个在8岁以下的孩子,58头母牛,7头公牛,11只公鸡,38头猪生活在那里”.

在这次人口普查后的将近4000年的时间,匕落的人口从最初的216人不知番了几番了.最后一次人口普查是在第三纪元的401年,在册人口就已经达到了11万之多.当然要查清一个确切的人口数据在目前还是比较困难的,但匕落城的首都人口已经毫无疑问的超过了它的对手: 哨卫城和途歇城.

但这些还不能帮助历史学家们找到这个地区最初的名字.匕落城,其实这个名字起源于很久以前的一位酋长用一把匕首划定领地的故事;那位酋长扔出自己的匕首,当匕首落地的时候他就以匕首落下的地点划为自己领地的边境.当然,我们现在也可以了解到其它一些关于"匕落"名字起源的传说.

我们从那本古老的《众生之书》里能看到匕落城的名字,就足以说明这个地区历史的悠久.那里生活着的人们初期主要以打渔为生,但他们后来发觉了在陆地上养家畜获得的食物远比打渔要来的多.这样的转变使得他们能够获得更多的资源从而能在这片变化无常的土地上生活下来.

匕落城在天际帝国的占领期间一直比较兴旺.第一纪元的369年,当狂野狩猎在冬堡城中杀死了天际帝国的国王布尔加斯后,天际帝国的北部领地就卷入了一场争夺王位继承的战争. 天际帝国就此衰弱,而且失去了在高岩和晨风的广大领地.骼骨湾的地理位置变的更加具有战略意义,而匕落城邦则在此时扩大了自己的军事实力.

后来在迪伦尼家族与艾丽西亚的革命军的冲突期间.匕落城有很好的机会可以演练自己的军队.迪伦尼家族的成员全是当地的布莱顿人,布莱顿人是不会轻易放弃自己的领地的.匕落城在那时成为了迪伦尼家族和它众多盟友的一个基地之一.一个名叫雷文·迪伦尼的女巫利用自己的魔法在幽影沼泽击败了艾丽西亚的军队,从而守住了最后的胜利果实,她也是匕落城堡最早的居民之一.

几个世纪过去了,迪伦尼家族也在历史的长河中渐渐淡去,然而匕落城邦则在一直的持续发展.在第一纪元的609年, 匕落城的国王萨高尔率领军队击败了幽谷角的军队从而使匕落城成为了一个经济发达,文化鼎盛,军事力量强大的高岩南部邦国.但匕落城并没有把这种优势一直保持到现在.

讽刺地说,匕落城在370年后又有一次成功的军事行动,然而这次军事行动使它失去了在骼骨湾的贸易垄断权:匕落城和新王国哨卫城,以及迪亚戈那骑士团一起毁灭了兽人首都奥辛纽姆后.散落在高岩东南各地的众多兽人可以更方便的用河路来到达海湾.一个叫途歇城的小村庄此时也开始成长,它就像一朵不惧镰刀的鲜花那样.在短短20年间,途歇城发展成一个贸易量和匕落城不相上下的村落.又过了20年,途歇城已经成为了骼骨湾地区中贸易量最大的城邦.80年后,途歇城邦国正式成立.

哨卫城邦国在第一纪元的时候在开始壮大的途歇城邦国面前并没有什么表现.红卫人是天生的战士,但他们此时却要学习经商,而且在他们的土地上还有众多的敌人以至于他们经常为人口短缺而发愁.在第一纪元,骼骨湾地区曾被一种叫做撒拉斯疫的瘟疫袭击,将近1半以上的人口丧身.而后,正义之战也夺取了许多人的生命.再后来,阿卡维尔军队的入侵也给这个地区带来了巨大的浩劫.如果不是 匕落城邦国在此前就进行了1000年的军备的话,可能现在整个骼骨湾地区都要说阿卡维尔语了.

第二纪元来临了,就像在第一纪元末期那样,不确定的战争,暴动和瘟疫席卷了这个地区.匕落城, 哨卫城和途歇城也在继续扩大自己的军事实力和提升自己的经济地位.匕落城在海湾地区贸易中心的称号被途歇城抢去;哨卫城和匕落城互相之间发生了军备竞赛,它们为成为整个海湾地区的头号军事力量而互相较劲.

在第三纪元,骼骨湾地域则继续被帝国政府认为是重要的地区.海湾地区的这几个邦国之间极少联盟(当然在第三纪元的第3世纪,这几个邦国曾经组成联盟对抗卡莫兰篡位者),但它们之间敌对的时期也不多,匕落城, 哨卫城和途歇城这三个国家一起经受饥饿,瘟疫,灾害的考验.最近发生在它们之间的一场被称作"石蚕战争"就是一个比较典型的 骼骨湾地区的区域战争:开始的暴力,对战争的热情….最后还是被和平地解决了.

新手注释:
High Rock———Tamrie大陆西北部的一个行省
Skyrim————— Tamrie大陆最北部的一个行省
Iliac海湾————一个地区,它包括 High Rock行省和HAMMERFELL行省的各一部分,上古卷轴2代的发生地点.
Akavari—————-在Tamrie大陆东部一个大陆的居民,历史上曾多次入侵Tamrie大陆
Alessia—————-又被称作"奴隶女王".带领人类奋起反抗古代精灵Ayleid的统治,最后反抗成功并建立了CYRIODILL的人类帝国.而且她的灵魂第一个被收入king of amulet(这个物品在上古卷轴4中会出现)里.
Order of Diagna———一个军事组织,曾经围攻过兽人的首都.
Winterhold—————-位于Skyrim行省的中心城市
Camoran Usurper———一个强大的巫妖王,在皇帝Cephorus二世的执政期间率领僵尸,吸血鬼大军侵略了Tamrie大陆,造成无数的死伤.
Glenpoint——————一个在Iliac海湾北部的地区
Orsinium——————兽人的首都,在Daggerfall和Sentinel联军的围攻下被摧毁.
Betony战争—————在第三纪元402年,Daggerfall经过一场和Sentinel的土地纠纷-在Betony上,Abecean Sea旁的渔村-打了两年的战争.

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There is sufficient archaeological evidence for the modern historian to believe that there has been some variety of human settlement in the city-state of Daggerfall starting at least a thousand years before recorded history. The first use of the name Daggerfall to refer to the area around the current capitol was most probably in the 246th year of the 1st Era. The north half of the Iliac Bay, in fact all of the current province of High Rock, was conquered by invading Nords who brought a rough sort of civilization with them. One of the first civilized acts the Nords performed was a census -- the so-called Book of Life. Listed on page 933 of the Book is this entry:

"North of the Highest bluffs, south of the moors, west of the hills, and east of the sea is called DAGGERFALL. 110 men, 93 women, 13 children under 8 years of age, 58 cows, 7 bulls, 63 chickens, 11 cocks, 38 hogs live here."

Nearly four thousand years after this census was taken, we can see that these two hundred and sixteen people have multiplied heartily. The last census, in the year 3E 401, lists the population at over 110,000. It is always difficult to find an exact number, but the capitol city of Daggerfall certainly outnumbers her rivals, Sentinel and Wayrest.
It has been a consistant [sic], if not actually helpful amusement of historians to find the origin of placenames. Daggerfall, by tradition, is said to refer to the knife the first chieftain threw to form the borders of his lands. But there are other legends that may have equal validity.
The Daggerfall entry from the Book of Life actually supports one theory about the reason for Daggerfall's longevity. The people were coastal fishermen, but they also found the land itself sufficiently rich to support raising livestock. This inclination of the early citizenry toward reinforcing their principal products brought stability to a fickle land.
Daggerfall thrived during the years of the Skyrim occupancy. When the Wild Hunt killed King Borgas of Winterhold in 1E 369, the northlands engaged in the War of Succession and Skyrim, greatly weakened, lost her holdings in High Rock and Morrowind. The Iliac Bay had become important strategically, and Daggerfall began to expand her military.
There were multiple opportunities for her to exercise this army and navy during the Direnni conflicts with the force of the Alessian Reform. The Dirennis were native Bretons, and Bretons are hardly ever given to excessive religion. Daggerfall became a minor base of operations for the Dirennis and their allies. Raven Direnni, the enchantress whose magic helped secure the final victory over the Alessians in the Glenumbria Moors, was one of the earliest occupants of Castle Daggerfall.
Over the centuries that followed, the Dirennis felt into obscurity, but Daggerfall continued her growth. In 1E 609, King Thagore of Daggerfall defeated the army of Glenpoint and became the preeminant economic, cultural, and military force in southern High Rock. A position the kingdom has precariously kept ever since.
Ironically, it was another successful military exercise three hundred and seventy years later that ended Daggerfall's monopoly of Bay trade: the annihilation of the orcish capitol Orsinium by a joint effort of Daggerfall, the new kingdom of Sentinel, and the now extinct Order of Diagna. The scattering of the orcs from southeastern High Rock made the river route to the Bay more accessible. The tiny village of Wayrest grew like a flower that no longer feared the mow. In twenty years, Wayrest's trade profits equalled [sic] Daggerfall's. In forty years, Wayrest was the acknowledged master of Iliac Bay trade. In one hundred and twenty years, Wayrest became the Kingdom of Wayrest.
The Kingdom of Sentinel did not exhibit Wayrest's aggrandizement during the First Era. The Redguards were warriors learning the ways of the merchants, and their land was enemy enough to keep their population checked. Indeed, the number of people in all areas of the Iliac Bay was halved once in the First Era by the Thrassian Plague, once again by the War of Righteousness, and a third time by the invading Akavari [sic]. If Daggerfall had not spent its first thousand years preparing for the battles of the next thousand years, it is indeed conceivable that the Iliac Bay today might be Akavarian.
The Second Era, like the latter part of the First Era, is a tapestry of wars, insurrections, and plagues. Daggerfall, Sentinel, and Wayrest continued to expand and improve their military and economic positions in the Bay. Daggerfall and Wayrest would transpose positions as major trading center of the Bay, and Daggerfall and Sentinel likewise bandied over which was the superior military power.
The Iliac Bay has continued to hold an important position in the Imperial government of the Third Era. Rarely allies (though the combined armies in opposition to the Camoran Usurper in the 3rd century of the 3rd Era is a notable exception), but not always enemies, Daggerfall, Sentinel, and Wayrest have weathered the storms of contention, plague, famine, and pestilence. The recent War of Betony was typical of Iliac Bay warfare: sincere, frighteningly violent, and peaceably resolved.

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